Causes of World War 1 and the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
> One of the major causes of World War I was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. It was considered to be the striking factor that "lit" the war on fire.
> Nationalism: the love and unity of one's nation--also was one of the factors for causing World War I
> Militarism: the policy of glorifying military power and keeping the army prepared for war ahead of time; also was one of the reasons why World War I started
> Alliances: forming bonds/ friendships with other countries so that they can fight against the other parts of the area to get the land that they want; the idea of nationalism was also part of making alliances, so war started between the allies and more importantly, within the country
> Imperialism: with the idea of nationalism, imperialism is the notion of conquering land and making the residents of the land follow the culture and methods of the land that conquered them; this made the regular townspeople angry because they loved their old nation--made nations fight with each other
Russia got to both fronts and started the war between the fronts and Germany. This happened after Germany had a good fight with France. Because Germany attacked France by going through Belgium, Great Britain got angry (Great Britain and Belgium were allies) and started to attack Germany.
Battle of the Marne River
This was the war against the Allies and Germany. The Allies ended up winning and they pushed the Germans back. They shut down the Schlieffen Plan and by that time, Russia had already reached Germany, reaching both fronts and making the Germans startled about how their plan failed.
Battle of the Somme
Battle of the Somme was one of the long battles that was fought in the Western Front. Britain initiated this battle and it lasted for 6 months. There were over a million casualties as an after effect. These battles ended up being stalemates.
Battle of Verdun
Battle of Verdun was the main reason why the Battle of the Somme happened. It was the longest battle of World War I. Germany would have won the war if they won the Battle of the Somme. In this war, Germany initiated it and just like the Battle of the Somme, it lasted for 6 months. There were 680,000 casualties.
Poisonous gas, machine guns, tanks, and submarines effected people in war greatly. It effectively killed a large group of people at once, instead of killing them separately. Many countries who fought enjoyed the modern warfare because it was a neater and faster way to win wars.
People in trenches made their defenses permanent. Their tactic of fighting/attack was to charge directly at the enemy. The soldiers who lived in the trenches didn't have the best comfort. They lived with dead people, dead animals, etc. It became really uncomfortable really fast.
Treaty of Brest-Litvosk
It brought an end to the war between Russia and Germany. Basically, Lenin told his followers to quickly tell Germany to sign the Treaty. He realized that Russia needed to become more modernized and needed to be more advanced with many things. So in order to work on Russia, Lenin didn't want any further "distractions" such as complications with Germany.
Total war is a war that includes demolishing an entire area, including civilians who weren't part of the war in any way, shape, or form. Examples of total war include the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (but be reminded that these events are part of World War II, not World War I; they are simply given as examples).
During World War I, ads (also called propaganda) were used to call out to people to grab their attention as to what was going on in the world. Propaganda such as the one above were used to call all people to war and it was intended for everyone (even women). Women were joining war toward the very end because of their rebellious attitude and wanting the same respect as men. Because of their rebellious side, the government thought it was advantageous. They called all men and women to war.
Treaty of Versailles
Everyone blamed Germany and no ones ideas were being taken in the conference. The only people who were heard in the conference were France and Britain. Because of this, Germany felt sad and humiliated, giving up their navy. France wanted to put security on Germany (a buffer state) because they thought that Germany was too aggressive. They wanted Germany to pay for all war costs. Basically, they were really unfair to Germany.