Mythology: Mini-Research
BY: Justine Obedencio
May 22, 2014



What Is Mythology?

Mythology is stories written to give values to people, places, and things. They are tales from traditions of certain people and cultures. Myths were also used to teach proper behavior to humans.



Demeter

Demeter (Roman name Ceres), was the goddess of agriculture. She was the sister of Zeus and mother of Persephone. In art, she is often shown carrying a bundle of grain. The Greeks wanted to keep Demeter happy because if she wasn't, crops would die and people would starve. The seasons happen because for 6 months, Persephone would live with Hades and Demeter would be sad (winter and fall). Then Persephone would live with her mother on Mount Olympus for the next 6 months and she would be happy (summer and spring).



Hippocampus

The hippocampus was a fabled sea animal in Greek myth. It resembled a horse with the hind parts of a fish or dolphin. Poseidon's chariot was drawn by a hippocampus. Its name comes from the Greek word hippos which means horse and kampos which means sea monster.



Myth Summary: The Myth of Midas

Midas was the king of Phrygia. One day, some of his farmhands brought him a satyr who was found napping in the vineyard. This satyr was Silenus, the right-hand satyr to the god Dionysus. Midas set Silenus free after realizing this. Out of gratitude for setting his satyr free, Dionysus offered Midas a wish. Midas wished for everything he touches to be turned into gold.After asking if he was sure, Dionysus granted the wish. After trying out his new power, Midas showed everyone. He grabbed his daughter's hand and tried to lead her into the garden. After unexpected resistance, he realized that he had turned his daughter into gold. After even more mistakes, Midas finally realized the consequences of his wish. Thankfully, Dionysus allowed Midas to withdraw his wish by washing his hands in the river Pactolous. The river was then renown for its shimmering amount of gold. This myth explains that you should be careful what you wish for.



Modern Day Connection

Today, maps are also called atlas's thanks to Greek mythology. Atlas, the titan giant, has the job of carrying the world (or heavens) on his shoulders.

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