Hungary : 2030
Located in Central Europe, Hungary is a strikingly beautiful country. However, beneath this beauty are a slew of issues which have plagued the country for decades. Founded in 896, Hungary is one of the oldest European nations. With such a vast history, it is expected that the country would not always exist in a state that is free of flaw. The most prevalent problems within Hungary which need to be addressed are the air and water pollution, crime rates, and the fluctuating economy.
Since the rise of industrialization, air and water pollution has remained a large issue; as a landlocked region of Central Europe, this is a prevailing problem in Hungary. Although the quality of air has improved within the past decade, it is still significantly polluted. Any amount of pollution is still harmful to the society and poses as a considerable health risk. The percentages of pollutants saw a severe decrease from the year 2000 to the year 2015. Since the late 1990s, there was a drop in the greenhouse gas emissions coming from economic activity, as well as from households in 2006 (European Environment Agency). The water supplies are in a positive state, with 97.8% of the sewage water provided to homes being sufficiently cleaned in 2012 (European Environment Agency). Currently, in 2030, the supply of water holds a similar status. The environmental issues that exist could be lessened and controlled through a series of simple methods. The country provides clean drinking water through a plain household tap. With this privilege, the need to obtain water through other sources decreases. Further waste does not need to be created by plastic bottles. For those who don’t choose to get their water from the tap, Hungary provides recycling stations in many parts of the capital – Budapest (WWF). Another way of lessening the air contamination is through transportation. With an extensive transit system, consisting of buses, trolleys, trams, and the subway, as well as various bike paths, residents of Hungary are provided with endless options. Through these alternatives, the pollution in Hungary can be curtailed.
With fairly low public attention on international media, Hungary does not appear to be a country with severe crime rates; however, this doesn’t always hold true. Similarly to most European countries, Hungary is known for small crimes occurring at tourist spots, such as Jaszai Mari Square in Budapest. Other than these crimes, the largest issue with the law in Hungary is corruption. In a report done by Transparency International, it was discovered that one third of the primary companies in Hungary regularly bribe politicians (Vayda and Dunai). Additionally, a large majority of the population, with the exception of multinational companies and the public sector, evades their taxes on a regular basis (Vayda and Dunai). At the time, the justice system did not see this as an immense concern, and nothing was done to solve it (Vayda and Dunai). This is still the case. In order for anything to change, Hungary’s justice system needs to see a few improvements. Unlike other countries, Hungary does not have an advanced criminal network which would aid a resolution to be found. Investigators are mainly used, as opposed to a refined system which would technical knowledge (Vayda and Dunai). If more attention is brought to this issue, it is possible that Hungary could have another country share their technological advances. This could help to solve a portion of the crimes that continue to occur today. Also, it is vital that the people of Hungary are aware of the corruption that is taking place. If it is no longer kept a secret, and swept under the rug, it is possible that it could stop. The crimes which are taking place in Hungary need to end, with the provision of new technology and the power of media.
The fluctuating state of the Hungarian currency is an immense cause for concern. Prior to the year 2012, many residents of Hungary took out home loans (Ewing and Karasz). This was when the economy was in a secure and stable state. At the time, these loans seemed appealing, due to the low interest rates (Ewing and Karasz). After the drop in the currency, this all changed. Hundreds of thousands Hungarians, including a man named Zoltan Zsoter, now need to repay their loans in either Swiss francs or an alternate foreign currency (Ewing and Karasz). This is leaving many Hungarians in a poor condition. In 2012, 10.7 percent of the population was unemployed (Ewing and Karasz), and this number has only risen since then. The fact that many are facing unemployment is not helping the economy; it is simply worsening the situation. This is not something which can be easily solved, as money is a valuable commodity in every facet of society. However, in order to solve the issue of unemployment, programs need to be created to help these people find jobs. For many, it can be difficult to find a job which provides sufficient support. If the government establishes a program which could offer benefits and support to the unemployed, this problem would begin to dissipate. The inconsistent currency of Hungary should not be a reason for the misery of society; therefore, an effective resolution needs to be found immediately.
In order to maintain the beauty and allure of Hungary, the issues concerning pollution, crime, and the economy need to be resolved. No country exists seamlessly, without any problems. Despite this, it is still important to grant deep attention to the problems which do exist.
Ewing, Jack, and Palko Karasz. "Hungary, Once a Star, Loses Its Shine." The New York Times. The New York Times, 16 Jan. 2012. Web. 1 June 2015.
"Hungary." — European Environment Agency (EEA). Web. 1 June 2015.
Vayda, Eva, and Marton Dunai. "Corruption Continues." The Vienna Review. 1 Apr. 2009. Web. 1 June 2015.
"WWF - Hungary." World Wildlife Foundation. Web. 1 June 2015.