Role of Women in Ancient Greece
By: Cameron Vink

Had virtually no political rights of any kind and were controlled by men at nearly every stage of their lives. The most important duties for a woman living in the city were to bear children, preferably male, and to run the household. The duties for a woman living in the rural areas were doing the agricultural work, such as the harvesting of olives and fruit, and also the gathering of vegetables.

Since men spent most of their time away from their houses, the Greek home life was dominated by women. The wife supervised the daily running of the house. It was a totally slave based economy, so plenty of female slaves were available. A male slaves responsibilities were limited to being doorkeeper and tutor to the male children. Custom dictated that a Greek women limited her time outside the house to visiting with her nearest female neighbors. Exceptions to this were weddings, funerals, and state conventions in which women were expected to play prominent public roles.


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