Kelsey Shelton, Mckinley Ferguson

1."It (the explosion) rose from the desert like a second sun, a searing, brilliant, expanding ball of fire, and it struck terror in everyone who witnessed it.Stephen Walker

2. The Manhattan Project was based at a 428,000-acre industrial complex in New Mexico; thousands of the West's best scientists had worked on the project at one time or another.


3.Also as the bomb was being lifted up to the top of a detonation tower, it had fallen50 feet and landed on mattresses.


4. On the night leading to the test, the test site itself was hit by a major electric storm. A lightening strike could have been disastrous - it would not have set off an atomic explosion but it could have seriously damaged the bomb that was set up in a tin shack at the top of a tower that was 103 feet high.

5.To add to the project leaders woes, there was no constant wind direction and no-one could guarantee that the debris from a successful explosion would not blow into towns many miles away.

6. In late 1941, the American effort to design and build an atomic bomb received its code name — the Manhattan Bomb.

7. "It (the explosion) rose from the desert like a second sun, a searing, brilliant, expanding ball of fire, and it struck terror in everyone who witnessed it.

8. The Manhattan Project was based at a 428,000-acre industrial complex in New Mexico; thousands of the West's best scientists had worked on the project at one time or another.

9. Also as the bomb was being lifted up to the top of a detonation tower, it had fallen 50 feet and landed on mattresses.

10. A blinding flash visible for 200 miles lit up the morning sky.

11. A mushroom cloud reached 40,000 feet, blowing out windows of civilian homes up to 100 miles away.

12. When the cloud returned to earth it created a half-mile wide crater metamorphosing sand into glass.

13.The test director, Kenneth Bainbridge, armed the bomb via a series of switches.

14.Early in 1939, the world's scientific community discovered that German physicists had learned the secrets of splitting a uranium atom.

15.The atomic bomb was active for 1942-1946. Over the course of six years, from 1939 to 1945, more than $2 billion was spent during the history of the bomb.

16. The countdown was done by Sam Allison.

17. In 1938 many people feared that Hitler would build an atomic bomb after word spread that German scientist had split the uranium atom (fission)

18. The initial explosion of an atomic bomb is devastating but its destructive capabilities do not end there

19. In July 1940, the U.S. Army Intelligence office denied Einstein the security clearance needed to work on the Manhattan Project.

20.The Manhattan Project combined America's technological, industrial, scientific and financial might to produce the atomic bomb.

21.First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.

22. On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki, Japan, three days after bombing Hiroshima.


23. Although he never worked directly on the atomic bomb, Einstein is often incorrectly associated with the advent of nuclear weapons.

24. Enrico Fermi, a physicist who left fascist Italy for America, encouraged the U.S. to begin atomic research. The result was the top-secret "Manhattan Project."

25. American scientists, many of them refugees from fascist regimes in Europe, took steps in 1939 to organize a project to exploit the newly recognized fission process for military purposes.

http://www.history.com/videos/atomic-bomb-ends-wwII#atomic-bomb-ends-wwII

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