Characteristics of Poetry: Figurative Language

  • Metaphors- Describe one thing as if it were something else.
  • Personification- Gives human qualities to something that is not human.
  • Similes- Uses like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.
  • Symbols- Anything that represents something else.

Characteristics of Poetry: Sound Devices

  • Alliteration- The repetition of constant sounds in the beginning of words.
  • Repetition- The use of an element of language- a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.
  • Assonance- The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.
  • Consonance- The repetition of similar constant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.
  • Onomatopoeia- The use of words that imitate sounds.
  • Rhyme- The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
  • Meter- The rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

  • Narrative- Form of poetry that tells a story in a verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
  • Haiku- A three-line Japanese verse for. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
  • Free Verse- Form of poetry which is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
  • Lyric- Form of poetry which expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
  • Ballads- A song like poem that tells stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
  • Concrete- Form of poetry which is shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
  • Limericks- Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
  • Rhyming Couplets- Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.