West is the Best

By: Laney McClure

Top Ten List:

#10 - Texas, the Alamo, and the Mexican-American War: In 1835, Santa Anna sent troops into Texas to suppress rebels.Texans called for volunteers and had enough responses to win San Antonio from Mexico.When Santa Anna reached San Antonio, he found a small force of Texans barricaded in The Alamo.

#9 - Indian Removal Act: In 1830, Jackson pushed Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act that would move natives west to the newly created Indian Territory. Some Native Americans refused to give up their land.

#8 - The Louisiana Purchase: France had to finance its war with England, and sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million in 1803.

#7 - Andrew Jackson: Jackson won the election with a plurality of votes. He was then accused of rigging the election. During the War of 1812 he earned the name "Old Hickory" because he was as tough as a hickory stick.

#6 - California Gold Rush: Gold was discovered in 1848 in California, causing a mass emigration to the state. Forty-niners came from the US, Mexico, Europe, Australia, and China and set up boomtowns. Most forty-niners had no experience in gold mining, only a few achieved lasting wealth.

#5 - Industrial Revolution (cotton gin): During the Industrial Revolution, many inventions were made to help make many people's lives.

#4 - Lewis and Clark's Expedition: Lewis and Clark were chosen to explore new territory in the west. The expedition began in 1804. An Indian woman, named Sacagawea, joined them and was there guide.

#3 - George Washington:He was the first President of the US. He hoped for the future that we would stay neutral with others.Many wanted him to run for more than two sessions but he didn't was to have kings.

#2 - X Y Z Affair: The US was experiencing diplomatic problems with France.The French delegation demanded bribes and a request that offended the American delegation. The three men that denied, John Adams called them X, Y, and Z.

#1 - War of 1812: In the spring of 1812, Madison was the first president to ever declare war. Many Americans did not like the idea of war. Once Washington DC burned down, many lost hope.

Timeline

1789- George Washington became our 1st president

1803- Louisiana Purchase- France sold this territory to England for $15m

1804- Lewis and Clark expedition begins- Jefferson chose them to explore new land

1807- British ship attacked USS Chesapeake- Neutral rights were not kept

1812- War of 1812

1814- Washington DC burned down- communication wasn't received quick enough

1824- John Quincy Adams was elected as 6th president

1830- Indian Removal Act- American tribes forced native to relocate themselves in a new territory so the Americans can have there well set up land

1836- Martin Van Buren was elected as 8th president

1840- Harrison elected using slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too” during his campaign but sadly did 32 days later after getting pneumonia

Biography on George Washington

Served as President: 1789-1797
Vice President: John Adams
Party: Federalist
Age at inauguration: 57
Born: February 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia
Died: December 14, 1799 in Mount Vernon, Virginia
Married: Martha Dandridge Washington
Children: none (2 stepchildren)
Nickname: Father of His Country
One of the most popular Presidents of the United States, George Washington is known for leading the Continental Army in victory over the British in the American Revolution. He also was the first President of the United States and helped to define what the role of the president would be going forward. George grew up in Colonial Virginia. His father, a landowner and planter, died when George was just 11 years old. Fortunately, George had an older brother named Lawrence who took good care of him. Lawrence helped to raise George and taught him how to be a gentleman. Lawrence made sure that he was educated in the basic subjects like reading and math. When George turned 16 he went to work as a surveyor, where he took measurements of new lands, mapping them out in detail. A few years later George became a leader with the Virginia militia and became involved in the start of the French and Indian War. At one point during the war, he narrowly escaped death when his horse was shot out from under him. After the French and Indian War George settled down and married the widow Martha Dandridge Custis. He took over the estate of Mount Vernon after his brother Lawrence died and raised Martha's two children from her former marriage. George and Martha never had kids of their own. George became a large landowner and was elected to the Virginian legislature. George was one of Virginia's delegates at the First and Second Continental Congress. This was a group of representatives from each colony who decided to fight the British together. In May of 1775 they appointed Washington as general of the Continental Army. General Washington did not have an easy task. He had a ragtag army of colonial farmers to fight trained British soldiers. However, he managed to hold the army together even during tough times and losing battles. Over the course of six years George led the army to victory over the British. His victories include the famous crossing of the Delaware River on Christmas and the final victory at Yorktown, Virginia. The British Army surrendered in Yorktown on October 17, 1781. The two terms that Washington served as president were peaceful times. During this time, George established many roles and traditions of the President of the United States that still stand today. He helped build and guide the formation of the actual US Government from the words of the Constitution. He formed the first presidential cabinet which included his friends Thomas Jefferson (Secretary of State) and Alexander Hamilton (Secretary of the Treasury). George stepped down from the presidency after 8 years, or two terms. He felt it was important that the president not become powerful or rule too long, like a king. Just a few years after leaving the office of president, Washington caught a bad cold. He was soon very sick with a throat infection and died on December 14, 1799.

Newspaper Article

WARNING!! WARNING!! Our amazing President George Washington has decided to not serve a third term in presidency. In September of 1796, Washington published his Farewell Address. This Address states states that Washington wanted to avoid forming political parties and getting involved in foreign affairs. He chose not to serve more than two terms because he became president so that there weren't kings. Serving more than two terms made him feel like he was almost becoming the king. He and many others didn't want kings involved in our nation. George Washington stopped serving as president so others could give there opinions or make changes that he didn't think of or couldn't begin or finish projects.

President George Washington was an amazing president who lead us to victory but the easy times have to come to an end every once and a while. Thank so very much for your service Washington! You helped so many people's lives.

Obituary


George Washington Presidential Accomplishments

Washington voluntarily resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in 1783. Because of his victories in the Revolutionary War, some wanted to make him king of the new nation. But Washington refused. He wanted a free, democratic and united country. Washington longed to retire to his fields in Mount Vernon, Virginia. But he soon realized that the nation, under its Articles of Confederation, was not moving ahead. He helped organize the Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia in 1787. When the new Constitution was ratified, the Electoral College unanimously elected Washington the first President. During his first term in office, Washington joined the states together and helped establish the federal government. He did not interfere with the policy-making powers that he felt the Constitution gave Congress. He believed that foreign policy was a main concern for the young nation. When the French Revolution led to a major war between France and England, Washington insisted that the United States remain neutral. He did not accept the recommendations of his Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who was pro-French, or his Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who was pro-British. The President feared that getting involved in this European war would shatter his young country's new government. On April 22, 1793, he issued a proclamation of neutrality that urged American citizens to be impartial and not send aid or war materials to either England or France

Recipe of Mormon Johnnycake

Here is a form of cornbread used not only by the Mormon immigrants, as the name indicates, but quite often by most of the immigrants traveling west. Because of the inclusion of buttermilk, a source of fresh milk was a necessity.

2-cups of yellow cornmeal
½-cup of flour
1-teaspoon baking soda
1-teaspoon salt

Combine ingredients and mix in

2-cups of buttermilk and 2-tablespoons molasses.

Pour into a greased 9” pan and bake at 425 degrees for 20 minutes.
To get a lighter johnnycake include two beaten eggs

and 2 tablespoons melted butter.

By The Numbers

3 French members (XYZ)

$15 million for Louisiana Territory

3 sections during sectionalism

17,000 Cherokee forced to move

300 American families

12 days of fighting in Alamo

12,000 pilgrims seeking religious freedom

180 American soldiers fought against Santa Anna

3 crew members killed from USS Chesapeake attack

$0.01 per word on Telegraph

Map of the West

This map is mostly from when Lewis and Clark expedition but it also shows where different territories were during this time period. The map shows how many people move west. From Camp Wood to Fort Clatsop.

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