St. Lawrence Lowlands
By amaan khan
Welcome to the St. Lawrence Lowlands! Home to half of Canada's population despite it being the smallest landform region of them all. Wondering if a trip to the lowlands is worth it? Say no more, I've got you covered with the facts and reasons you should visit the St. Lawrence Lowlands.
The climate in the region isn't anything too crazy. Since the great lakes are part of the region, they cause a hot humid climate in the summer by providing the dense moisture in the air. Along with this we get roughly 100 cm of rain per year and winters can turn out to be cold with sticky snow. Speaking of snow the region receives 80 cm of snow per year with temperatures dropping below minus 30. In conclusion it is a continental climate with very cold winters and very hot summers.
If you asked around, I think most people would agree that the landscape of the St. Lawrence Lowlands has many small hills or slopes. It's sometimes described as having a "rolling" landscape. This landscape was formed thousands of years ago by the massive continental glacier that carved out the "rolling" landscape we see today. Throughout the landscape you will find large bodies of water, forests, fertile soil with many waterways, and deep river valleys. With all the lush greenery around, everything is a sight for sore eyes.
Are you into rock climbing? If you are, then great! If not I still suggest you stick around as knowing the different rock types in the Lowlands can be a valuable asset when deciding whether or not you're going hiking or not. The bedrock in the region is mostly formed of sedimentary rocks. In the great lakes region you will find iron ore, zinc, coal, copper, silver, and lead. In the St. Lawrence region you should find that sand, gravel, and clay makes up the soil composition.
Sometimes you just gonna take a break from all those fancy restaurants you've probably been visiting since you got to the Lowlands, and appreciate the gorgeous scenery around you that the St. Lawrence Lowlands has to offer. You will find forests of Sugar Maple, American Bleech, Basswood, White oak, Red oak, Shagbark hickory, Black walnut, Butternut. Boreal species such as White spruce, Black spruce and Balsam fir dominate in cool, damp habitats. Along with the magnificent trees that cover the landscape, peaches, cherries, grapes, apples and many vegetables can be easily be grown thanks to the fertile soil.
If there's one place that you need to visit in the St. Lawrence Lowlands its Quebec city. Quebec City is known for its Winter Carnival, its summer music festival and - in the winter - the breathtaking "Ice Hotel" that is literally made entirely of ice! If you have the time in February then you have to visit the Winter Carnival. The events include a winter amusement park, with attractions such as skiing, snow rafting, ice sculptures, snow sled slides and exciting outdoor shows. At night you can stay at the Ice Hotel. Every year an Ice hotel is built. The whole structure is made of ice and intricate ice carvings. Climate change would have some impact of the Carnival because if it becomes too warm in the winter time the ice hotel can't be built and a lot of other things such as the snow sculpture building contest can not take take place because of the warmer climate, therefore climate change does have an impact.
There are not really many natural disasters that occur in the St. Lawrence Lowlands. The only major one would have to be earthquakes that have occurred in the past but the magnitude of the earthquakes normally don't ever go over 2 on the Richter Scale. in 2010 an earthquake was reported to be 5 on the Richter Scale, one the larger earthquakes recorded in Canada. The Western Quebec Seismic Zone is a seismically active area in the Ottawa Valley in Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec, which is believed to be the reason behind the massive earthquake. The zone stretches from Montreal to Temiscaming and from Cornwall up along the Laurentian Mountains.