Lesson 1, Child Development .

There are many different stages for a child’s development, in this lesson you will learn about each one and the milestones for each stage.

Here are some videos on child development:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZSjm0drIGM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=34YPPBGjlgA

0-6 months:

During this time of life, the only way new babies can communicate is by crying. If a baby is unsettled the best thing is to try and figure out what is wrong. Maybe they are uncomfortable, hungry, or in pain. It could even be something as simple as wanting to be held. During this stage of life, you need to give the baby as much attention as you can. Children will begin making eye contact, which you should do also. It helps them learn their name when you make eye contact with them as you speak. Receiving love, compassion, and attention will help them grow and develop further on in life.

6-18 months:

Around this age the child will begin exploring their world by touching, tasting, feeling, hearing, and smelling. They are discovering what the world around them is actually like. They will become more curious, and eager to learn. Temper tantrums are a typical thing for this age, they want to be more independent. Good things to help a child age during this time would be using specific praises, providing safe playing environments, letting them experience new things, and not criticising or shaming them for simple things. Throughout this time they will begin to make sounds(such as eh, oh, and ah), they will start responding to their own name, and start to show curiosity about things. Children should also start to roll around, they may bounce, and can also sit up with some support.

At around 9 months they will understand no, and should be able to stand. They will understand their surroundings better. Children about this age may be scared or shy around strangers, they will cling to familiar adults for comfort. They will copy gestures and sounds of others, and point at things. They will start to develop more skills on how to handle things. Children should begin to move things smoothly from one hand to another, and also picking smaller things up with their thumb and index fingers.

At 1 year of age a child has a strong bond with their parents or parent, they will usually cry when their parents leave, and the children have developed a favor towards certain things and people. They also will show fear and can play simple games. They are able to respond to simple requests, and they can do simple gestures like shaking their head “no”, or waving bye. They can speak simple words and may try to say words that you say. Children at this age might be able to stand for a few seconds alone, or they might also be able to walk along while grabbing things to hold on to.

18 months does not bring much dramatic change, children may be developing a bit more. They should be a little more outgoing; like playing with others, sharing, etc. Children should also be able to speak several words and walk on their own. They will eat with utensils, and drink out of cups. The child will understand more commands now also.



Preschool age(3-5 years of age):

As children grow into early childhood, their world will begin to open up. They will become more independent and begin to focus more on adults and children outside of the family. They will want to explore and ask about the things around them even more. Their interactions with family and those around them will help to shape their personality and their own ways of thinking and moving. During this stage, children should be able to ride a tricycle, use safety scissors, notice a difference between girls and boys, help to dress and undress themselves, play with other children, recall part of a story, and sing a song. Children around this time can tend to be picky eaters, the best way to solve this is to eat with the child. While doing this it is good to eat healthier items because it will provide a good example for them. It will encourage them to eat like you do. Children should have developed attachments to certain toys. They should be playing and interacting with these toys, it will help them develop certain skills such as communicating and sharing.



Middle Childhood(6-8 years of age):

Middle childhood brings many changes in a child’s life. By this time, children can dress themselves, catch a ball more easily using only their hands, and tie their shoes. Having independence from family becomes more important now. Events such as starting school bring children this age into regular contact with the larger world. Friendships become more and more important. Physical, social, and mental skills develop quickly at this time. This is a critical time for children to develop confidence in all areas of life, such as through friends, schoolwork, and sports.



Middle Childhood(9-11):

Middle childhood brings many changes in a child’s life. By this time, children can dress themselves, catch a ball more easily using only their hands, and tie their shoes. Having independence from family becomes more important now. Events such as starting school bring children this age into regular contact with the larger world. Friendships become more and more important. Physical, social, and mental skills develop quickly at this time. This is a critical time for children to develop confidence in all areas of life, such as through friends, schoolwork, and sports.

Adolescents(12-14):

This is a time of many physical, mental, and emotional changes. Hormones begin to change as puberty begins. A lot of challenges will become of this stage, more peer pressure occurs. They might face difficult decisions, and could lack the confidence that they need. At this age, teens make more of their own choices about friends, sports, studying, and school. They become more independent, with their own personality and interests, although parents are still very important. Teens will show more concern about looks, body, and clothes, express moodiness, or express less affection towards parents. In this age group, children will be able to express themselves better through words, and can develop a stronger sense of right and wrong.



Teenagers(15-17):

This is a time of changes for how teenagers think, feel, and interact with others, and how their bodies grow. Most girls will be physically mature by now, and most will have completed puberty. Boys might still be maturing physically during this time. A teen might have concerns about their body size, shape, or weight. During this time, teens are developing their unique personality and opinions. Relationships with friends are still important, yet they will have other interests as they develop a more clear sense of who they are. This is also an important time to prepare for more independence and responsibility; many teenagers start working, and many will be leaving home soon after high school. During this time teens will develop more interest in the opposite sex, have less conflict with parents, show even more independence, and spend less time with parents and more times with friends. They will show more interest in their future school and work plans, this will also lead to more defined work habits.



Adults:

Human development is a lifelong process of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional growth and change. In the early stages of life—from babyhood to childhood, childhood to adolescence, and adolescence to adulthood—enormous changes take place. Throughout the process, each person develops attitudes and values that guide choices, relationships, and understanding. Adults will be fully mature, physically and emotionally. They will move into adult work, and have higher roles in society. This will allow them more responsibility in the business world. By this time, they will know what they want out of life and will try their hardest to achieve it. Adults will be more empathetic to people and situations, develop an adult relationship with their parents, and establish their body image.

http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Growth_Ages_18_Over/

http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/Pages/default.aspx

Comment Stream