Two opposing ideas, in one sentence and with parallel structure, meant to create a contrasting effect.

Example: "There are so many things that we wish we had done yesterday, so few that we feel like doing today."

  • (Mignon McLaughlin, The Complete Neurotic's Notebook. Castle Books, 1981)

The effect is used to show the contrast in a way that provokes thought in the reader.  In this case,

Many -- few

Yesterday -- Today

Antithesis, in this example, explains the vicious cycle of procrastination by emphasizing that we have many tasks we wish to complete, without the drive to get it done.

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