by: Alexa Hernandez & Summer Acosta

The beautiful country of Greece was founded on March 25, 1821. However, before Greece became independent it was known as the Hellas Republic. The earliest signs of life in modern Greece were skulls in 7250 BCE. Around the 10th century is when human life settled and started building the economy along with a government. As more of Greece's land was utilized the capital city, Athens, was created (in 3000BC). Eventually, the country had a fully functioning government and economy. As of now the population is


Environment/ Landscape

Greece has the typical Mediterranean climate along with long periods of sunshine. In the summer the climate is very warm and dry; winters are mild and rainy. Although the climate is very nice, the soil prevents crops from thriving. The soil in Greece is very sandy, therefore, only about 30% of Greece is able to maintain vegetation. Greece's main crops are wheat, corn, cotton, and olives.

Greece is separated into 9 regions:

  • Epirus
  • Peloponnese
  • Attica (home of Athens)
  • Central Greece
  • Macedonia
  • Crete
  • Cyclades
  • Dodecanese
  • Sporades
  • Islands of North Aegan

  • In Greece most of the people love in urban areas. Three of the major urban cities in Greece are Athens, Thessaloniki, and Piraeus. As a result of 70% of Greece's land not being fertile livestock and farming only take up 30% of land.
    • main bodies of water: Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian Sea.
    • 3 top landforms: Balkan peninsula, Crete, and the Pindus mountains.


  • GDP per capita is 21,910.22 USD as of last year. (2013)
  • • as of this past July the unemployment rate is 26.4%.

    • currency used is the Euro.

    • major exports: refined petroleum, packaged medicaments, and aluminum plating.

    •major imports: crude petroleum, refined petroleum, and packaged medicaments.

    • main trading partners: Turkey, Italy, and Germany.

    Shown above is a physical map; below a political map is displayed.

    Politics of today  

    Currently Greece's government is basically a parliamentary system, which is very similar to a representative government. Both a president and prime minister are chosen. They have different types of power; the president is head of state and the prime minister is head of government. A new president is elected every five years by the parliament. The government structure is very similar to Americas; There is judicial, executive, and legislative powers. The legislative powers are taken care of by the president and the parliament. Executive powers are handled by the president and the government, and judicial is left solely to the courts. Greece's current president is Karolos Papoulias, and the prime minister is Antonis Samaras.

    Education in Greece

    Education in Greece is split up basically how it is in the United States. It's split into primary which is like elementary, secondary being junior high, and tertiary being high school. In Greece if you are between the ages of 6 and 15 you have to attend school, but once you are 15 you can choose to withdrawal. Both public and private schools are available for all three levels of education. Private education for lower levels costs around 300-400 euro, higher levels cost around 600-900 euro.

    Families in Greece

    The average woman in Greece has a fertility rate of about 1.32, the lowest in all Europe. As a result the usual size of a family would be around three to four. Famlies in Greece have very similar roles as to the ones in America, despite a few differnces. The man of the house is expected to have a job to provided for his wife and children. The woman, is expected to be a house wife and take care of the kids and/or businesses owned by the family. It isn't very common for the woman of the house to have a job other than being a typical housewife. The children are expected to attend school, and hopefully attend the collegiate level education offered.

    Greek culture

    * The food in Greece consists of fresh fruits, fish, and other seafood.

    * common music: folk music

    * famous musicians include Elena Paparizou, Kostas Martakis, and Anna Vissi.

    * most common languages: Greek, English, German, and Italian

    * dominant religion: eastern orthodox. other religions include Catholicism, Hellenic, and Islam. Eastern Orthodox is considered to be Christianity in Greece.

    * most holidays in Greece or the same as America, with some exceptions. For example, May Day (1st of May), Agioi Apostoli, ohi day, etc.  

    * Traditional clothing is simply garments the drape over the body.

    The image above displays Greece's capital city Athens.

    Work cited

    "Department of Classics." Department of Classics. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. < /courses-2/clar-244/places-and-regions-of-ancient-greece/>.

    "Greece: Agriculture and Natural Resources." Greece: Agriculture and Natural Resources. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>.

    "Agricultural Land(% of Land Area) in Greece." Agricultural Land (% of Land Area) in Greece. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>.

    "Encyclopedia of the Nations." Greece. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>.

    "Greece - Educational System-overview." - Schools, Pupils, School, and Secondary. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>.

    "The Observatory of Economic Complexity." OEC: Greece (GRC) Profile of Exports, Imports and Trade Partners. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. < /country/grc/>.