Charles Dickens, an English classical writer, lived in the 19th century, the era of the Queen Victoria (1819-1901). He is loved by many people all over the world for his unforgettable stories full of kindness and sympathy for the poor. His contribution to the English literature is great.
“People of England knew he was their sight”
Charles Dickens (1812 — 1870)
Charles (John Huffam) Dickens was born in Portsmouth in England on the7th of February in 1812, in the family of a poor clerk John Dickens. He was the second child. Altogether there were 8 children in the family and six of them survived till adulthood. Soon after the birth of Charles the family left for London (1822). Against all expectations John Dickens couldn’t find any work there and was finally taken to prison for debts. So, Charles was forced to leave school. He was nine at that time. Charles was sent to work in a factory to help his family. Those years full of loneliness and despair were never forgotten, he described that sad period of his life in the novel «David Copperfield». Later he continued his studies, he liked reading and read very much. When he was 21, he began to write himself: first short stories, then novels. Soon he became a well-known writer.
His first book was a series of sketches (short stories) from London`s life which was published in 1835. The book «The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club» was a success.
In 1842 he with his family travelled to America and then wrote “American Notes” (1842) where he described American society.
His travels to Italy inspired him to write his unfinished last novel «The Mystery of Edwin Drood» (1870).
In his novels «Oliver Twist”, “Nicholas Nickeleby”, «David Copperfield» Charles Dickens described the hard life of homeless children at school and workhouses.
To find inspiration for his writing, Dickens was said to have visited such unusual places like prisons and asylums for insane people.
His inexhaustible energy and passionate life led him to a stroke in 1870. Charles Dickens was buried at Westminster Abbey.
His most famous novels are “Oliver Twist” (1838), “Nicholas Nickeleby”(1839), «David Copperfield» (1850), “Dombey and son” (1848), “The Bleak House” (1853), “Hard Times” (1854), «A Tale of Two Cities» (1859), Great Expectations (1861), «Our Mutual Friend» (1865), «Little Dorrit» (1857) and some others. He wrote 15 novels in all.
Catherine Thomson "Kate" Dickens
She was the wife of Charles Dickens and the mother of ten of his children. In1835 Charles met Catherine Hogarth. She was the daughter of the editor. They fell in love and soon got married in1836. They had lived for more than 20 years together. In 1870 the author broke up with his wife and his family of ten children. Soon he died.
Charles Dickens Museum
The Charles Dickens Museum is at 48 Doughty Street in Holborn, London, England.
You can watch a video about Dickens Museum here
Here is a book Great Expectations (1861) by Charles Dickens. You can read or download it.
Amazing Charles Dickens Google doodle
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