A spreadsheet (or worksheet) is an arrangement of cells in columns and rows used to organize, analyze, calculate, and report information, usually in numerical form.


workbook is a file which contains one or more spreadsheets.


These three words are all related to spreadsheets because this is exactly what a spreadsheet consist of.

Cell – individual locations on a spreadsheet

Column— identified by letters of the alphabet (vertical)

Row— identified by numbers (horizontal)

Cell Range, Cell Address, and Active cell

Cell Range:

  • A4:A16 refers to a group of adjacent cells
  • A Range is a group/block of cells.
  • Cell Address: a specific location

  • Cell A4 = Cell address
  • It is the Column letter and Row number.
  • The cell address is also called the cell reference.
  • Active cell:

  • The cell that is selected
  • It is the cell that is ready to receive information
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