By Grace Gasaway
Landscape and Temperature
Liechtenstein is mostly mountains. The Eastern Alps go through Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein's highest point is Vorder Grauspitz, which reaches 8,526 feet. With the mountains come lots of old rivers and thick pine forests. The longest river is Rhine. It is also cold most of the time in Liechtenstein. The hottest days in summer are only 16°C (60.8°F)! Winter is most often 0°C. Cold, cloudy winters have frequent snow or rain. Cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid weather is around in the summer.
Longitude and Latitude
47.1417° N, 9.5233° E
Size and Population
Little Liechtenstein is a small area of 61.78 mi². That's smaller than Washington DC! With its small size comes the tiny population of 36,925. That's about the same as Spencer County, Indiana.
Look at the picture below to see the size of Liechtenstein compared to all of Europe.
History and Goverment
Liechtenstein uses Swiss Franc. One Swiss Franc equals $1.07 US dollars.
Liechtenstein is a monarchy. So far, there has been fifteen kings in Liechtenstein. The present Prince of Liechtenstein is Hans-Adam II. He has been ruler since November 1989.
Liechtenstein's capital is Vaduz. It is know for having the Vaduz castle. (See below.)
The official language is Standard German, but most people speak the German spoken in Switzerland. The people in the mountain region of Triesenberg speak a language called Walser. In school, French and English are taught as a second language.
The crime rate in Lichtenstein is incredibly low. Most Liechtensteiners don't lock their house doors! The last murder was 17 years ago! There have been 18 people in prison.
Most Liechtensteiners are involved in sports. Over a third of the population belong to the National Sports Union. The most popular sport is skiing. Summer sports include hiking, bicycling, and football (soccer).
The people of Liechtenstein wear modern, Western-style clothing for both casual and formal occasions.
Imports & Exports
Exports are machinery, audio and video parts for motor vehicles, hardware, and electronic equipment.
Imports are raw materials, energy products, machinery, metal goods, and motor vehicles