Manufactured fibers

Fibers that are man-made (synthetic) and are created by combining various substances with chemicals.

  • Solid raw materials and chemicals are melted or dissolved to form a thick liquid.
  • The liquid is forced through the tiny holes of a mechanical device known as a spinnerette to form filaments. (Similar to pushing dough through a pasta machine to make spaghetti.)
  • The filaments are then stretched, hardened, and crimped and/or cut into lengths.
  • Polyester

  • Made from coal or petroleum
  • Strong and often blended with other fibers
  • Resistant to wrinkling
  • Shrink and stretch resistant
  • Easy to care for
  • Great washability
  • Pills easily
  • Static buildup
  • Common uses:
  • –Children’s wear, shirts, suits


  • First fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals
  • Strong, durable, elastic
  • Dries quickly
  • Resists wrinkles and soil
  • Washes easily
  • Heat sensitive
  • Clings to the wearer
  • Common uses:
  • –Hosiery, swimwear, windbreakers


  • Resembles wool
  • Soft and warm
  • Bulky, yet lightweight
  • Quick drying
  • Strong
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Static buildup
  • Pills easily
  • Common uses: -Terrycloth -Bathrobes -Knitted garments -Outdoor furniture fabrics and awnings
  • Rayon

  • Soft, absorbent, and comfortable
  • Inexpensive
  • Stretches and is weak when wet
  • Mildews and wrinkles easily
  • Common uses:


    –Sports shirts



  • Inexpensive and easy to dye
  • Silky, luxurious
  • Deep luster, soft
  • Wrinkles easily
  • Special care needed in cleaning
  • Very versatile
  • Common uses:
  • –Neckties





  • Known for its ability to stretch
  • Resistant to lotions, oils, sun, and perspiration
  • Easily damaged by chlorine bleach
  • Soft, lightweight
  • Durable
  • Nonabsorbent
  • Common uses:
  • –Swimwear


    –Exercise wear

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