The Moons Importance
The moon has a noticeable effect on earth in the form of tides, but it also effects the motion and the orbit of the earth.The Moon is the Earth’s only natural satellite. A natural satellite is a space body that orbits a planet, a planet like object or an asteroid.It is the fifth largest moon in the solar system. Learn more about the other Moons in the solar system. The average distance from the Moon to the Earth is 384403 kilometers (238857 miles).The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.3 days.
The Moon rotates on its axis in around the same length of time it takes to orbit the Earth. This means that from Earth we only ever see around 60% of its surface (50% at any one time).The side that we can see from Earth is called the near side while the other side is called the far side (it is sometimes called the dark side despite the fact that it illuminated by the Sun just as much as the near side.The Moon surface has craters, valleys and mountains so it is very bumpy.