The Endocrine System
The Endocrine System is made up of glands that produce hormones that regulate the body's growth.
Parts of the System:
The endocrine system is made up of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries and testicles.
5 Fun Facts About the Endocrine System
1. The word endocrine derives from the Greek words "endo," meaning within, and "crinis," meaning to secrete, according to Health Mentor Online.
2. The endocrine system affects almost every organ and cell in the body.
3. The endocrine system gets some help from organs such as the kidney, liver, heart and gonads, which have secondary endocrine functions.
4. Like the nervous system, the endocrine system is an information signal system.
5. Endocrinology is the branch of biology and medicine that focuses on the endocrine system.
How the System Helps to Maintain the Homeostasis
The endocrine system provides an essential mechanism called homeostasis that integrates body activities and at the same time ensures that the composition of the body fluids bathing the constituent cells remains constant.
How They Work Together
The system is important because it has glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards a distant target organ.
The Endocrine system secretes hormones into blood and other body fluids. These chemicals are important for metabolism, growth, water and mineral balance, and the response to stress. Hormones provide feedback to the brain to affect neural processing. Reproductive hormones affect the development of the nervous system.
The most common endocrine disease in the United States is diabetes , a condition in which the body does not properly process glucose, a simple sugar.