What We Learned
Your Endocrine System
1. Your endocrine system is responsible for the fast growth you experience during your teen years.
2. The endocrine system is made up of glands located throughout the body.
3. The endocrine glands work by responding to signals from the brain or the pituitary gland.
Male Reproductive System
1. Made up of the seminal vessicles, prostate gland, cowpers gland, urethra, penis, testes, scrotum, vas deferens, and epididymis.
2. During puberty, the testes produce testosterone and sperm
3. Problems of the male reproductive system include, injury to the testes, testicular cancer, hernia's, and sexually transmitted diseases.
Female Reproductive System
1. Made up of ovaries, fallopian tubes, a uterus, endometrium, cervix, and vagina.
2. Three functions of the female reproductive system is to store egg cells, create offspring, and give birth.
3. Problems of the female reproductive system include infertility, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases
1. During puberty, egg cells mature and are released by the ovaries in a process called ovulation.
2. If an egg is not fertilized, the uterus lining breaks down and is shed by the body through menstruation.
3. Menstruation usually lasts from 5 to 7 days and happens about every 28 days.
Pregnancy and Childbirth
1. A normal or full term pregnancy lasts 9 full months or 40 weeks
2. A pregnancy is broken down into 3 trimesters or periods of 3 months and each is characterized by different physical changes and symptoms.
3. Dangers to the fetus include tobacco, alcohol, medications, drugs, caffeine, rubella, and exposure to radiation and STDs
1. Each year, one-quarter of all new cases of sexually transmitted diseases appear amon 15-19 year olds.
2. Most STDs are spread only through sexual contact
3. Common STDs include Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts, Trichomoniasis, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) attacks T cells and replaces the genetic information of the T cells with its own genetic information.
2. HIV causes AIDS
3. HIV is spread through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles, from mother to child either before or after birth, and contact with sperm, fluid from the vagina, blood, and breastmilk.
1. Abstinence is the choice to avoid sexual activity until you are married.
2. The best way to avoid STDS, HIVs, and AIDS, is abstinence.
3. Ways to practice abstinence include avoiding to be alone on a date, communicating your limits to a date, participating in group activities, and knowing how to respond to pressure.