A Quinn Richey Production

"New Life, New Beginning, New World"


Quinn Richey
3rd Period
History
12-8-14


Christopher Columbus' voyages

This is Christopher Columbus' voyages

Top Ten New World List

#10: Francisco Pizarro sailed along the Pacific coast of South America and captured the Incan leader, Atahualpa, which eventually led to him conquering the Incan empire.

#9: Crossing the Land Bridge: An Ice Age that began 100,000 years ago caused the sea level to decrease which eventually led to the Bering Strait. Many nomads hunted and followed animals across this strait into Alaska and Canada

#8: Hernan Cortes landed in east Mexico where the Aztec were. Cortes took advantage of the Aztec leader, Montezuma, and eventually conquered the Aztec empire and claimed it for Spain in 1521.

#7: Incas: The Incan empire was the largest of the American civilizations developing in west South America. It had more than 9 million people at one time and even had their own system of record keeping with string called quipus!

#6: Aztecs: After the Mayan civilization declined, a group called the Aztecs made a permanent settlement at Lake Texococo. At this lake, Tenochtitlan, the capital, became one of the greatest cities ever in the Americas.

#5: Amerigo Vespucci: sailed along South America's coast and discovered that South America wasn't connected to Asia. The geographers from Europe named America in honor of Amerigo.

#4: Plymouth: A place near Cape Cod Bay where the Pilgrims made the Mayflower Compact pledging their loyalty to England

#3: Mayans: An ancient civilization built established near Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize. They reached over 2 million people and they created a form of writing called hieroglyphics which included symbols and pictures to represent ideas.

#2: Jamestown: The Virginia Company settled Jamestown to honor their king. In its first 2 years, John Smith, took leadership and forced the settlers to work.

#1: Christopher Columbus: He was a sailor representing Portugal who discovered the West Indies which later led to the discovery of the Americas.

New World Timeline

1500 B.C.: Olmec civilization flourished along Mexico

300 A.D.: The Mayan civilization started to grow and in 900 A.D. they started to decline

1325 A.D.: The Aztecs settled in Lake Texcoco and built Tenochtitlan, one of the largest capitals in ancient history.

1438: Pachahuti built a large Incan empire from Colombia to Chile

1492: Christopher Colombus led 90 sailors into the Americas and found the West Indies

July 1497: Vasco de Gama left Portugal and found an eastern sea route to Asia

1502: Amerigo Vespucci declared South America wasn't apart of Asia so they called it America in honor of him.

1520: Ferdinand Magellan and his crew sailed around the world

April 1607: The Virginia Company entered the Chesapeake Bay into the river where they set up Jamestown to honor their king

September 1620: The Pilgrims from Plymouth signed the Mayflower Compact pledging their loyalty to England

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Colombus was an explorer and navigator who was born in Italy in 1451. He grew up Portugal and became a representative for Portugal. He wanted to sail west and find a sea route to Asia. But, he needed someone to finance his voyage across the sea. Queen Isabella encouraged her husband to talk to his minister which eventually led to her sponsoring his trip. On August 3, 1492, Mr. Colombus set out for Asia with three ships. Actually, he spotted the Bahamas, claimed it for Spain, and called it San Salvador. He later sailed along the coast of Central America. His first goal was to reach Asia, but that never happened. He made his country proud though claiming a lot land. Christopher Colombus' voyages basically led to all the land that Spain claimed in the Americas. Although Spain made a lot of valuable contributions, they also brought a lot of diseases to the Americas including smallpox which killed thousands of Native Americans. Christopher Colombus was a very memorable man and still is to this very day.

Jamestown

In 1607, on May 14, the Virginia Company sent 144 settlers in three ships to North America. They entered Chesapeake Bay and set up a settlement which they later called Jamestown to honor their king. For shelter, the English settlement made a triangular fort with logs, which ended up in an acre of land. The colony didn't start out all to well though. They brought diseases with them and got into conflicts with the Native Americans that were already there. But eventually, in 3 years, new supplies came and new ships arrived with more necessities. A man named John Rolfe and a woman named Pocahontas saved Jamestown. They solved their relationship with the Native Americans and began to thrive as a colony.

Passing of Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci was born on March 9, 1451, in Florence, Italy. He was a son of three kids and spent his early childhood growing up in Spain. His family was close friends with the Medici family who ruled Italy at the time so his early-life was filled up with well-paid jobs. In 1501, Amerigo and his crew set out for South America. He discovered that there was another new land mass north of South America. He explored the land and claimed some of it for Spain. Later, he was rewarded and the Americas were named after Amerigo Vespucci. On February 22, 1512, Amerigo died of malaria in Seville, Spain. He was 57 at the time when he died. Amerigo Vespucci will be forever remembered for all that he did for the world.

Colonial Biscuits

2 cups flour, 4 tsp. baking powder, Dash of salt, to taste1/2 cup buttermilk Sift flour, baking powder and salt into a bowl. Add butter (still cold) cut into 4 or 5 pieces, work into flour mixture with pastry blender. Add cold milk, a little at a time, blending with a fork (use only enough milk to hold dough together).Roll dough about 1/2" thick onto a lightly floured board, cut with a small biscuit cutter. Place on an ungreased cookie sheet.Bake in a preheated 450°F oven for 10 to 12 minutes or until biscuits are lightly brown. Makes 20.

By the Numbers

  • By A.D. 1500, Native Americans from 2000 different groups moved to North and South America.
  • The Mayan civilization included 2 million people! Imagine all the food they had to produce in order to sustain everybody's health.
  • The Incan empire stretched 3,000 miles from Colombia to Chile. It was so big at the time that the Incas had to divide the land into four provinces.
  • In 1487, Bartholomeu Dias sailed out to explore the tip of Africa with 2 small caravels and a small ship.
  • Vasco de Gama was sailing to the Cape of Good Hope but saw no land for 96 days.
  • Hernan Cortes brought 500 soldiers with him to Mexico
  • Francisco Pizarro sailed along South America with 180 soldiers.
  • The first 100 settlers that went to Roanoke Colony had a hard time surviving.
  • In 1606, 144 settlers were sent by the Virginia Company  to settle a colony which would later be called Jamestown
  • 35 Pilgrims boarded the Mayflower in 1620.

Roanoke Colony

In 1584, Queen Elizabeth granted Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in North America. He decided to explore the coast of North Carolina. The first 100 settlers that landed in North Carolina had a rough time and eventually returned to England. John White, a mapmaker, went back to England for supplies. When he returned, he saw that no colonists were there. He believed that they went to another island that was south but there was no remnants or signs of any life in the colony of Roanoke. The failure of this colony discouraged the future colonization of European colonies in America.

Work Cited

Appleby, Joyce. The American Journey. Colombus, Ohio: TIME School Publishing, 2012.

"Amerigo Vespucci". Bio. No date listed. <http://www.biography.com/people/amerigo-vespucci-9...> 11 December 2014

"Jamestown Colony." A+E Networks. 2010. <http://www.history.com/topics/jamestown>> 11 December 2014

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