American Indians of Texas

Early Native Americans and the Neolithic Revolution

(1) History. The student understands the origins, similarities, and differences of American Indian groups in Texas and North America before European exploration. The student is expected to:

(A) explain the possible origins of American Indian groups in Texas and North America;

(B) identify American Indian groups in Texas and North America before European exploration such as the Lipan Apache, Karankawa, Caddo, and Jumano;

(C) describe the regions in which American Indians lived and identify American Indian groups remaining in Texas such as the Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo, Alabama-Coushatta, and Kickapoo; and

(D) compare the ways of life of American Indian groups in Texas and North America before European exploration.

LIPAN APACHE: An Apache tribe formerly inhabiting western Texas, with a present-day population in southern New Mexico.

KARANKAWA: were a group of Native American peoples, now extinct as a tribal group, who played a pivotal part in early Texas history.

CADDO: is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes, who traditionally inhabited much of what is now East Texas, northern Louisiana and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma.

JUMANO: were people in western Sonora and Trans-Pecos region of western Texas; the Jumano were the eastern division

YSLETA DEL SUR PUEBLO: is a Puebloan Native American tribal entity in the Ysleta section of El Paso, Texas, comprising a formerly Southern Tiwa-speaking people who were displaced from New Mexico in 1680 and 1681 during the Pueblo Revolt against the Spaniards

ALABAMA COUSHATTA: are a Southeastern culture people of Native Americans, originally from Mississippi that migrated from Alabama and Mississippi to the area of Texas in the late 18th century and early 19th century, under pressure from European-American settlers to the east

KICKAPOO: are an Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe located along the Rio Grande

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