Figurative Language ~ Sound Devices ~ Forms of Poetry

Figurative Language

Metaphors: Describe one thing as if it were something else.

Personification: Gives human characteristics to something that is not human.

Similes: Use "like" or "as" to compare two seemingly  unlike things.

Symbol: Anything that represents something else.

Sound Devices

Alliteration: The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in "slippery slope".

Repetition: The use of any element of language - a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence - more than once.

Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in "blade" and "maze".

Consonance: The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in "wind" and "sand".

Onomatopoeia: The use of words that imitate sounds. ( Crash, bang, hiss, etc.)

Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the ends of words, as in "speech" and "teach".

Meter: The rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

Narrative: Tells a story in verse. Often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Haiku: A three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Free Verse: Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Lyric: Expresses the thought and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.

Ballads: Songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete: Poems shaped to look their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.

Limericks: Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.

Rhyming Couplets: Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.