Figurative Language ~ Sound Devices ~ Forms of Poetry
Metaphors: Describe one thing as if it were something else.
Personification: Gives human characteristics to something that is not human.
Similes: Use "like" or "as" to compare two seemingly unlike things.
Symbol: Anything that represents something else.
Alliteration: The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in "slippery slope".
Repetition: The use of any element of language - a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence - more than once.
Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in "blade" and "maze".
Consonance: The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in "wind" and "sand".
Onomatopoeia: The use of words that imitate sounds. ( Crash, bang, hiss, etc.)
Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the ends of words, as in "speech" and "teach".
Meter: The rhythmical pattern in a poem.
Forms of Poetry
Narrative: Tells a story in verse. Often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Haiku: A three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Free Verse: Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Lyric: Expresses the thought and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Ballads: Songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete: Poems shaped to look their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
Limericks: Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Rhyming Couplets: Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.