Rwanda Genocide

Greed can lead to disaster

                The world isn't always like those commercials saying how beautiful and friendly it is. But it can be sometimes be a very deadly place. People are killing other people because of their beliefs, race, or religion. Sometimes they kill millions of people. This is called a genocide. There are well known ones like the Holocaust, but there have been many genocides that happened but not as well known. One of the many genocides is the Rwandan genocide.

 "23-year-old Father Tells His 24 Children to 'study Hard'" Times LIVE. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.

Where is Rwanda?

                On the map Rwanda is a very small country that is located south of the equator in east central Africa. The country is bordered by different countries in all 4 directions. In the north there is the Uganda, in the east there is Tanzania, the south, Burundi and the west, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Lake Kivu. (Culture and tribes) There are three tribes, Hutus, Tutsi and Twa pygmies. In 1994 Rwanda had a population of over 7 million people and about 85% of the population was Hutus, 14% was Tutsi and Twa pygmies was about 1%. The Tutsi were the cattle-herders and the Hutus were the farmers. Tutsi usually had an economic dominance over the Hutus because they were cattle herders compared to the low farmers which were Hutus.(Cultures and tribes)

These cattle symbolizes wealth and social status, ususally Tutis owned these  

"Praxistory." Praxistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.

What were the conflicts between the Hutus and Tutsi?

       In the late 19th century the Belgians who was ruling the country at the time forced Hutus and Tutsis to carry ethnic identity cards. The identity cards showed if they were Hutus or Tutsis. They let the Tutsis have a higher education and hold positions of power. Following the independence from Belgians in 1962, the Hutus were lashing out at the Tutsis which made them flee to neighboring countries. (Rwanda: how the genocide happened)  Later on Yoweri Museveni a rebel leader took ahold of Uganda in 1986 with the help of the Rwandan Tutsis. With Uganda the Tutis formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front and started to attack the Hutu-led government.

How did the Genocide start?

   The genocide started when the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana(a Hutu) plane got shot down above Kigali airport on April 6, 1994. A French judge blamed the leader of the Tutsi rebel group and some of his associates. Hutu extremist launched their plans to destroy the entire Tutsi civilian population,killing other people that were suspected to be Tutsi or any that were against the killing campaign.

This was the plane that Presidents Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda and Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi was on when it was shot down on April 6, 1994

"Facts Do Not Cease to Exist Because They Are Ignored." - Salem-News.Com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.

How did the Genocide end?

         The genocide ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel group, defeated the Hutu perpetrator regime and the president of the Tutsi rebel group President, Paul Kagame took control. The genocide ended in the mid of June, during this 100 day genocide, 800,000 people died. (extreme property)

         Even though genocides aren't pleasant to discuss, the knowledge from all the other genocides can help prevent other. This generation can fix the holes that the past never had a chance to fill and the world could stand together as a stronger community so no one is left behind.

By Trang Nguyen


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