The Rock Cycle
By: Kaegan Ewers
Weathering and Erosion
Weathering and Erosion occurs through the action of wind and water. This breaks down the rock into little pieces.
Transport and Deposition
Transport and Deposition is when sediments created by weathering and erosion are carried though the air by wind and then lay downed (deposited). This can put them anywhere.
Sedimentation is when sediment becomes a layer.
Compaction and Cementation
Compaction and cementation happens when the sediments compress together and become stuck together.
Sedimentary rock is a type of rock formed by sediments compacting and cementing together. One type of sedimentary rock is coal. It often can have layers.
Burial High Temperatures and Pressures
Burial, high temperatures and pressures are layers that are close to the heat of the molten mantle and magma heat changes the rock from sedimentary or igneous rock to molten rock
Metamorphic rock is a type of rock formed form another type of rock being exposed to extreme heat and pressure changing it to another type of rock. One type of metamorphic rock is Gneiss. It often has other type of rocks in it.
Melting is a process in which hot magma and hot mantle melt the metamorphic rocks
Magma from Molten Crust and Mantle
Magma from molten crust and mantle is when the hot mantle interacts with the lithosphere causing magma chambers to form
Magma id located within he lithosphere and it melts metamorphic and sedimentary rocks... forming them into igneous rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Extrusive igneous rock forms at or near the Earth's surface. One example of an extrusive igneous rock is basalt.
Intrusive Igneous Rock
Intrusive igneous rock is rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath the Earth's surface. It cools slowly causing crystals to grow. One example of intrusive igneous rock is diorite.
Slow Uplift to the Surface
Slow uplift to the surface happens when rock layers are slowly lifted and exposed to Earth's surface which can then lead to the undergo of weathering and erosion. Sedimentary, metamorphic, and intrusive igneous rock can all do this.
The intrusive parts of the rock cycle are intrusive igneous rock, compaction and cementation, sedimentary rock, burial high temperatures and pressure, metamorphic rock, melting, magma from molten crust and mantle, magma, slow uplift to the surface.
The extrusive parts of the rock cycle are extrusive igneous rock, sedimentation, weathering and erosion, and transport and deposition