By Tommy Thao& Scilla Vang

Advances in Trade, Art and Agriculture


Homo-Sapiens by hunting and gathering edible plants.They live in bands of 25 to 70 people. Men's did the hunting while the women gathered crops such as fruits, berries,roots and grasses. They also planted seeds by their campsite and when the next season came they found crops growing which this is called the Neolithic Revolution or the agricultural revelation, changes in human life resulted from the beginning of farming. Food-gathering to food-producing were shifts that represented one of the great culture break through in history.

Early Advances in Technology and Art

People of the old stone age were nomads. Which they moved to place to place forging, or searching for new sources of food. Nomadic groups whose food supply on hunting animals and collecting plant food that were called hunter-gathers.Earlier modern age human had used bones, stones and wood to create different types of tools such as knifes, fish hooks and harpoons.

Art Paleolithic Age

Early modern human had artistic creations such as seashell necklaces, lion teeth, bear claws, mammoth tusks was polished into beads. They carved small realistic creatures. Stone Age people all over the world created covel paintings. They drew life like images of wild animals cave artists used chancel, mud and animal blood to draw their paintings. In Africa, early artists drew on rocks or cave shelters. In Australia they created paintings on large rocks.   Rising temperatures worldwide provided longer growing seasons and drier land for cultivating wild grass plains. A rich supply of grain helps supported a small population bloom, as populations rose slowly hunter-gatherers felt pressure to find new food sources. Farming offered an attractive alternative, unlike hunting, it provided a steady source of food.

Early Farming Methods

Some groups practiced slash and born farming, which they cut trees or grasses and burned them to clear a field, ashes that remained fertilized the soil, farmers planted crops for a year or two then moved to another area of land. After several years trees and grasses grew back they repeated the slash and burn farming process.

Domestication of animals

Food gathering of plants probably spurred the development of farming. Meanwhile hunters were expert knowledge of wild animals that played a key rule in domestication, or farming, of animals such as horses, dogs, goats, and pigs, like farming domestication of animals came slowly. Stone Age hunters driven herds of animals into rocky ravines to slaughtered but it was a small step to drive herds in human-made enclosures, this helped keep animals as a constant source of food and farmed. Farmers weren't the only one who domesticated animals. Pastoral nomads or wandering herds tended sheep, goats, camels, or other animals. These herds drove their animals to new pastures and watering places.

Agriculture in Jarmo

Birth place of Agriculture. Thousand years ago the environmental conditions of this region faced the development of agriculture. Wild wheat and barley, along with wild goats, pigs, sheep, and horses had once thrived near the Zagros Mountain. The Jarmo farmers, and like them in places  as far apart as Mexico and Thailand, pioneered a new way of life. Villages such as Jarmo marked the beginning of a new era and laid the foundation for modern life.

Villages grow and prosper

The changeover from hunting and gathering to farming and herding took place not once but many times. Neolithic people in many parts of the world independently develop agriculture.Farming Develops in many places. People in many regions, especially in fertile river valleys, turned to farming. Africa- The Nile River was developed into an important agriculture center for growing wheat, barley and other crops.China-Mid stretches of the Huang He cultivated a grain called millet. Later, farmers first domesticated wild rice in the Chang Jiuang River delta. Mexico/Central America- Farmers cultivated corn, beans and squash.Peru- Farmers in Central Andes were the first to grow tomatoes, sweet potatoes, and white potatoes.Bones might reveal  what people look like, how tall they were, the types of food they ate, diseases they may have had, and how long they lived.Artifacts are human-made objects, such as tools and jewelry. Hints at how people dressed, what work they did, or how they worshiped.Paleolithic Age used the old stone chopping tools.Neolithic Age learned how to polish stones, make poetry, grow crops, and raise animals.Homo erect were move intelligent and use tools for digging, scraping, and cutting. First to migrate, were hunters. first to use fire, fire provided warmth, developed new spoken languages, Homo erectus had a better chance for survival and greater control of the environment.   Neanderthal hunted and cut up and skin their preys, fashioned stoned blade, scrapers, and other tools.Cro-magnons had planned hunts, studied animals and stalked their preys, which helped the population to grow, their superior hunting strategies allowed them to survive more easily, They advanced in spoken languages which helped plan different projects.   

Comment Stream