Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

Political- The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China. In it the emperor was the head of the government and created laws, served as commander-and-cheif as well as the chief executive official.

Interaction- This dynasty was also known for its great expansion, the first expansion occurring after the defeat of Xiongnu and later through the advance of the Chinese armies into Gansu province in North Korea. Other expansions included the Yunnan and Guangzhou provinces and the northern part of modern Vietnam.

Economical- For most of the period the Han dynasty had great economical success, however there is a point of apparent decline. With population growth came industry growth and increase in trade and nationalization. To counteract the economical damages   caused by the early dynasty the emperor abolished the oppressive policies and lowered taxes. The taxes were focused more on merchants than on peasants because the economy relied heavily on the production output of small land owners.

Militaristic- Armies were created through conscription or obligatory recruitment. When a male commoner turns twenty-three years of age he is required to undergo a year of training and another year of service as a non-professional soldier. The Han dynasty was said to have the most advanced weaponry of that time. This is because the improvement of iron casting and working made stronger swords, while improvement in crossbows and stirrups allowed for greater accuracy and balance.

Artistic- During the Han dynasty ceramics and pottery blossomed and calligraphy and painting were no longer seen as pure letter symbols.

Social- The society of the Han dynasty is described as highly structured with clear definitions of each social class. It had a three-tiered social system with the aristocrats and bureaucrats at the top followed by skilled laborers like farmers and iron workers, and then unskilled laborers like servants and slaves.

Technology- Some of the most important inventions of the Han dynasty was the invention of the paper making process, cast iron tools, the loom, and the furnace.

Educational- Literature became an important part of the Han dynasty's culture due to the invention of paper.  

Religious- Though ancestor worship occurred long before the Han dynasty it was still wide spread and practiced during the time. The emperor also worshiped his ancestors through expensive funerals and was expected to revere Heaven and Earth. It was a tradition for the emperor to go to Mount Tai and give offerings to Heaven and Earth.  However, Taoism is considered to be the main religion of the time as it was also created in that time.

Information collected from: http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-religion/

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