Albinism

Jamecia Morris

Albinism is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.

A person with albinism will have one of the following symptoms:

  • Absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye
  • Lighter than normal skin and hair
  • Patchy, missing skin color

Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms:

  • Crossed eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Rapid eye movements
  • Vision problems, or functional blindness

  • Treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun:
    • Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun.
    • Sunscreen should have a high sun protection factor (SPF).
    • Sunglasses (UV protected) may relieve light sensitivity.
    Glasses are often prescribed to correct vision problems and eye position. Eye muscle surgery is sometimes recommended to correct abnormal eye movements nystagmus.

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