Albinism is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
A person with albinism will have one of the following symptoms:
- Absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye
- Lighter than normal skin and hair
- Patchy, missing skin color
Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms:
- Crossed eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Rapid eye movements
- Vision problems, or functional blindness
Treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun:
- Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun.
- Sunscreen should have a high sun protection factor (SPF).
- Sunglasses (UV protected) may relieve light sensitivity.