Don't Fall Off the Edge

By: Douglas Davidson

December 12, 2014

American History 7th Period

This awe-inspiring Project made by Douglas is all about Unit 1 -"The New World"Ch(1-4)

1. Needing a trade route to Asia - People in Europe needed a trade route to Asia to be able to trade and buy goods.

2.  Christopher Columbus.- He was  an explorer and navigator. He went on four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Born in the Republic of Genoa.

3. Journey to the New World - This was a long and difficult Journey to get here. At first people did not realize it was not Asia but a New and unknown world to Europeans at the time.

4. Olmec - The Olmec were the first major civilization in Mexico.

5.  Aztec -  They had there civilization in northern Mexico around the beginning of the 13th century. Conquistador Hernan Cortes, overthrew the Aztecs attacking them and capturing Tenochtitlan in 152.

6.  Mayan - The first only known developed writing system.

7. Conquistadors - Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.

8. Pilgrims - "A person who journeys, especially a long distance, to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion:pilgrims to the Holy Land." ~

9. Jamestown - First European settlement in the America's.

10. Nomads - People who did not have permanent place where they lived. They would travel where ever the animals/food went.  

Time line

18,000 Years ago - Nomads crossed an ice bridge from Asia to Alaska.

5,000  Years ago - As the ice age ended many big animals that nomads hunted started to die off. About this time, many civilizations started to revolve around agriculture.

1500-300 BC - Olmec is the first mesoamerican civilization in Mexico. Olmec followers grew maize to feed thousands of people in the city. To this day no one knows for sure how the Olmec died off.

300-1100 CE - When Mayans started and ended

1400's - Europeans searching for trade route to Asia.

1451 -  He was a explorer and a navigator. Christopher Columbus was born on1451 in the Republic of Genoa, Italy. His first trip into the Atlantic Ocean on1476 almost cost him his life. Columbus went on several other trips to Africa.

1492 -  Columbus led three ships. The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. He left to his Journey out of the Spanish port of Palos on August 3, 1492. His final goal was to get to Asia, "the indies"  He eventually landed in the Bahamas.

1521 - Aztecs conquered by Spanish

1572 -  Incas conquered by the Spanish.           

1620 - The Pilgrims first landed near the site of modern Province town on the tip of Cape Cod. This is before they moved to Plymouth.

Christopher Columbus

           Born on October 31,1450 and died on May 20, 1506. He went on four trips across the Atlantic Ocean. During his first voyage in 1492, his plan was to go to Japan but as he went throughout the journey, Columbus eventually landed in the new world. The island he landed on, he named San Salvador. He did three more voyages after that. Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Caribbean coast of Venezuela, and Central America conquering them for the Spanish.

       Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, his trips led to the first contact between Europeans and Native Americans that lasted for several centuries. This had a massive impact on history. Columbus saw his many accomplishments through spreading Christian religion. Christopher Columbus's religion was Roman Catholic.

      He never admitted that he had not reached the Indies. However he was still convinced that although he did not reach North America, he did reach the Indies. At the time, North America was previously unknown to Europeans. When Columbus landed on North America, He called the people of the land the "indios". This is Spanish for "Indians". Columbus had a bad relationship with the Spanish appointed administrators in America and this led to him getting arrested and fired as governor of the new settlements.

Some other names Christopher Columbus was named....

  • In Italian- Cristoforo Colombo
  • In Catalan- Cristòfor Colom
  • In Spanish- Cristóbal Colón
  • In Portuguese- Cristóvão Colombo
  • In Latin- Christophorus Columbus
  • In Genoese- Christoffa Corombo
  • In French- Christophe Colomb
  • In Hungarian- Kolumbusz Kristóf

News on Paper
Native Americans Are Confused

          Today's news is shocking. My fellow Indians, today Halokey was just walking down the grey stone path when he says he saw a large man jump onto the beach via a boat. Once Halokey saw this man he very idioticly freaked out and ran like a little girl. I mean seriously, you couldn't even ask the man who he is or where he came from? Like, is that too hard to do Halokey?

          Ok now that I have vented a bit i wanna address that we the people need to do something about this strange man!  I know this is a little news on paper company that always gets one-upped by Neuwyorc and Tiemes, but i think we can make still make a difference. Once we find this person or people we shall ask them why they are trespassing on our land.

                                  Update on the strange Man's appearance.

            We sent two of our men to investigate this enticing story.  When they got to the site where the seeing of "the man" was found, they reported back to us. They said Neuwyorcs men were already there which makes me more mad then you can imagine. I litterly started carelessly throwing objects. A pine needle branch almost hit my secretary, Quanah, in the face but thankfully she dodged it like a trained dodge rock player. So back to the story. We found that there is a whole crowd of people. My men explained it as "More men than the last Buffalo attack". We can not have this! We have had this land for centuries and these people think they can just take it? I am taking the liberty to write and send a strongly worded letter explaining our anguish.  

Obituary on                        Hernán Cortés

            Hernán Cortés was born on 1485 in Medellin, Spain. Hernán Cortés was a Hispanic male.  He was a roman Catholic and his occupation was an explorer. Hernán Died on December 2, 1547 at Seville, Spain. His cause of death was Pleurisy  which is "inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough." ~Google. He was Buried at Church of Jesus of Nazareth at Mexico City, Mexico.

  •         Hernán Cortés was a Spanish soldier and the conqueror of Mexico. He was sent at a young age of fourteen years of age to the university of Salamanca, but studying was annoying  to him. He returned home in 1501 from college. When he got home he realized he had a love in adventure. In 1504 he went out in search of adventure. His plan for San Domingo where he was kindly received by Ovando. He was then only nineteen at the time. This is how he got into the army.

    ~His Father Martín Cortés de Monroy
    ~His Mother Catalina Pizarro Altamirano
    ~His Wife isCatalina Xuarez Marcaida (d. 1522)
    ~His other Wife is Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga
    ~His other other Wife is Bernaldina de Porras
    ~ His Son is Martín Cortés
    ~ His other Son is Luis
    ~His Daughter is Catalina Pizarro
    ~ His other Daughter is Leonor
    ~ His other other Daughter is Maria
    ~ His other other other Daughter is Juana

Recipe for Bannock


  1. Mix flour, baking powder, sugar and salt together.
  2. Mix with enough water so that the mixture becomes a dough.
  3. Form into 4-6 large, thick patties.
  4. Fry on lightly oiled frying pan, turning when the bottom is golden.
  5. (You may also bake in the oven.) Good served warm.
  6. If desired, spread with honey, jam, butter, or peanut butter.
  7. Traditionally bannock would have been made with whatever ingredients were on hand.
  8. For example, adding blueberries if they're in season.
  9. This freezes well. Freeze, already baked, in a labeled ziploc bag with the air squeezed out as much as possible. To serve, bring to room temperature by removing from the bag and letting rest on the counter for a few hours. SPeed up the process, by baking or microwaving until the desired temperature is reached.

Nutritional Facts for BannockServing Size: 1 (76 g)

Servings Per Recipe: 4
Amount Per Serving% Daily ValueCalories 255.4 Calories from Fat 514%Total Fat 0.6 g0%Saturated Fat 0.1 g0%Cholesterol 0.0 mg0%Sodium 623.4 mg25%Total Carbohydrate 55.6 g18%Dietary Fiber 1.7 g6%Sugars 6.4 g25%Protein 6.4 g12%

By the Numbers

55 ~ Christopher Columbus' age when he died

152 ~ When Aztecs got captured

1500 ~ Year Spanish Conquistadors conquered Mexico and Peru

105 ~ Amount of men at Jamestown

800 ~ Amount of years Mayans were around

37.2267° N, 76.7863° W ~ Coordinates of Jamestown

255.4 ~ Amount of calories in Bannock

250 ~ Amount of Buffalo Killed by Indians in a day.

800 ~ Kernels on maize/corn

102 ~ Amount of people on the Mayflower

Map of Plymouth Colony

            This is a map of Plymouth Colony which was founded by the Pilgrims in September 1620, during the ruling of King James. Plymouth was one of the earliest successful colonies founded by Europeans. Also Jamestown and other settlements were or were coming to settle near here. Around 100 European, Church men and women sold most of there possessions to buy the mayflower and set sail for the New World. The boat landed on the shores of Cape Cod which is in modern day Massachusetts (Shown by map) .The first winter, more than half the original settlers died because of disease.This colony was eventually so successful because it was helped by a Native American, named Squanto. Squanto helped these Pilgrims make a peace treaty with Chief Massasoit, Tribe of Patuxet. This ensured them success and survival.  Eventually, the colony was combined with the Massachusetts Bay Colony to make the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691.      

Watch Video Below


THE END! Since I know You enjoyed it, might as well give a 100!

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