Steps involved in
1. 1.Fibers are usually twisted together and spun into yarns.
2.Yarns are either woven or knitted to form fabric.
3.Color is added by dyeing or printing to enhance the fabric’s appeal.
4. A finish is applied to make the fabric suitable for its end use and to improve its appearance.
Some different ways to construct fabric are:
Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom.
Plain weave: the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over the under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.
Twill weave: a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, three warp yarns beginning one wrap yarn back on each new row.
Example: Denim, Gabardine
Stain weave: a weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous wrap yarns to create long floats.
Example: Sateen, Satin
Some other weaves are:
Pile weave-corduroy, and velvet
Bobby-dotted swiss, and pique
Jacquard- Brocade and Damask
Leno- fabrics with an open, lacy appearance.
Knitting: constructing fabrics by looping yarns together.
Wrap Knits: are knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.
Examples: Tricot and Raschel Knits
Non woven: Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure. Examples: quilt batting, and garment interfacing,
Laces and nets: Made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns.
Braided fabrics: is created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord.
Examples: decorative trims, shoelaces
Bonded fabric: Made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Examples: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in skiwear or winter coats