How Native Indians Helped the Pioneers  ST

The Pioneers came from England, Germany, France and other European countries in search of a better life, freedom of religion and land ownership.  They settled near the Great Lakes and rivers of Upper Canada.  They settle in York/Toronto, Berlin/Kitchener, and other places.  90% of the new comers settled on farms.  When they arrived in Canada in the early 1800's they found the Native Indians very helpful to their survival.  Tribes like the Ojibwa,  Algonquin, Montagnais, Huron, Tobacco and Iroquois helped the early settlers in many ways.

The Native people showed the pioneers the "Three Sisters" which is a way of growing crops together in order to help each other.  Corn, beans and squash were planted together and each crop helped the other grow.  The corn stalks would help the beans grow up right and the beans would give off nitrogen to help the corn.  The big prickly leaves of the squash would protect the two from insects and keep the sun light from drying the soil.  All of the plants would grow bountiful and healthy.  The Native people also taught the pioneers how to rotate crops in order to keep the soil healthy and rich.   The Aboriginals also taught the pioneers how to tap Maple trees for the sap in order to make maple syrup.  "Spiles" which is like a metal pouring tap are used today, but in the early days the people would use a piece of wood and make a small hole in the tree and catch the sap in birch bark and deer skin containers. 

The Native people also showed the new comers to Canada how to survive the cold and harsh winter weather by teaching them how to use the animal hides from deer to make clothing and shoes.  The Native people showed the pioneers how to hunt and trap animals which were used for food and their skins for clothing.  Animal meat was dried in the sun or smoked over the fire, both methods of curing uncooked meat to make it last longer.  "Cured" meats could be used later in the year and were great for long travels.

The First Peoples believed that land should be shared by all, and they did not waste any thing that the land provided.  The settlers did not know how to make full use of the land and the Native Indians taught them how to use wood cut down from trees to make homes, furniture, canoes, snow shoes, toboggans all which helped in the winter months.  The "birch bark canoe" was used on the rivers to make traveling and exploration easier. "Toboggans" were used to carry supplies, and "snow shoes" were hand crafted and used to make traveling on the snow safer, easier and faster.  

The pioneers faced some hard times getting to Canada.  Once they arrived they faced even more hardships like not knowing the land, weather, people, and how to use what the land could provide for them.  The Native People of Canada helped them greatly in learning how to survive, build and thrive in such a huge and harsh land.  Without the help of the aboriginals the pioneers may not have been so lucky.   

Down below is a picture found on "Google Images"  it shows the First Nations Peoples drying a animal hide while making snow shoes.  

The other picture is of the Native peoples bread called "Bannock" made from ground corn/aka cornmeal.  

Here is a video of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy explaining the birch bark canoe, the components like birch, cedar and pine wood, spruce root and other things taken from the land.  The symbols of the wolf, bear, Five Nations are all seen here hand carved on the canoe.

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