Lack of Equality


Black Codes

Black Codes were passed by southern states in 1865, restricting the African American's rights of equality. They segregated the blacks from the whites, not allowing them to do the same things as white people. African Americans had to work in low paying facilities and usually got in debt.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

U.S Supreme Court decision to require segregation between races in public areas under the saying , "separate but equal." This saying didn't excuse the lack of equality given to African Americans because of their skin color. Everything in public facilities was double so that the colors were separated from the whites.  

Jim Crow Laws

State and local laws that instructed racial segregation in public facilities in the southern U.S states. These laws restricted the freedoms of blacks and compromised their equalitiy.

Share Cropping

A system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land. It encourages the cropper to remain on the land throughout the harvest season to work the land, solving the harvest rush problem. At the same time, since the cropper pays in shares of his harvest, owners and croppers share the risk of harvests being large or small and prices being high or low.

Manifest Destiny

Indian Removal Act

Signed on May 28, 1830 to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. Indians were forced out of their homelands without a say and had to travel by foot in search of a new home.

Trail of Tears

The Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma.


Chinese Exclusion Act 1882

This U.S federal law was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in U.S history. It prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers, and was the first law that prevented a specific ethnic group from immigrating to the U.S. This act was unfair and lacked equality for the Chinese.

Immigrant Experience

Most immigrants to the United States entered through New York while others entered through Boston, Savannah, and San Francisco. The first and second class boat passengers weren’t required to be processed in Ellis Island unless their onboard inspections disclosed major problems. People who looks crippled or injured were often more inspected than those who weren't.


Child labor/Sweatshop

As industrialization moved workers from farms and home workshops into urban areas and factory work, the factories or sweatshops had unhealthy living conditions, and children were often preferred, because factory owners viewed them as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. Children had to do strenuous work to help out their families.


A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the United States pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political and economic influence around the globe.

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