Elephants are the largest land animals in the world! They are split into two groups, they have families and relatives, and adaptations.
There are two different kinds of elephants: Asian and African elephants.
Asian elephants live in Asia. They can grow to 9 feet tall. Only male elephants have tusks, the females don't! Asian elephants have smaller pointer ears.
African elephants live in Africa. They can grow from 10-13 feet tall. All African elephants have tusks. African elephants have ears in the shape of Africa!
Groups of elephants are called herds. A herd can contain from 8-10 elephants. The oldest female leads the herd, she's called a matriarch meaning "the leader of a family or tribe."
Elephants live with their families. Female elephants give birth to only one elephant at a time. Sisters, grandparents, and aunts help take care of the babies.
Mammoths and mastodons are the extinct ancestors of elephants. The only living closest relatives to an elephant today are manatees and hyraxes.
Elephants have many adaptations including: tusks, feet, and skin.
Tusks help dig up water in the hot Savanna. They also help peel bark off trees and they can lift heavy objects.
Elephant feet is padded for the rough ground. The weight of an elephant is on the tip of the toes and the pad on the heel. The ridges on the feet help grip the ground like hiking boots.
Elephants skin is wrinkly to help elephants move freely. Cracks in the skin hold water and mud to keep the elephant cool.
~Elephants don't like peanuts, they don't eat them in the wild and zoos don't feet them that either.
~Female elephants live in an "all-female" herd and males live in an "all-male" herd, until mating season.
~When elephants are "toddlers" they start to recognize themselves in water reflections.
~Elephants have six toes on each foot.