Ashtin's CPR cheetsheat

Five Fears Related to CPR and other Emergancies

  • Lawsuits (There are laws to protect people who did their BEST to save a patient)
  • Unsure of skills (CPR only slows death, it does not stop it.)
  • Might hurt or kill the patient (They are allready dead/dying you can't do much to make it worse)
  • Disease (Hands only CPR is better then no CPR, or there are facesheilds to protect too.)
  • Unsafe scenes (Don't become a patient yourself if the scene is unsafe don't try to help)



Signs of a Heart Attack

  • Chest discomfort-pressure
  • tightness, that may radiate to jaw and arms
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Denial
  • Feeling of weakness

Signs of a Stroke

  • • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Severe headache with no known cause

Steps of CPR

  • Check the Scene
  • Check the patient
  • Activate EMS and call 9-11
  • Compressions
  • Open the airway, and Two rescue breaths
  • Repeat 4-6 until helps arives or person becomes consious

Steps In Detail (Adult)

Step 1 Check the Scene

Is it safe for you to help?

What happened?

How many patients are there?

Do you need EMS assistance?

Do you have personal equipment ready?

Step 2 Check the Patient

Tap and shout the patient. (Tap the adult's shoulder)

Look at their chest and face. (Are they breathing normally)


Step 3 Activate EMS and call 911

Send someone to call 911, have them tell the police where the patient is located, what happened, and how many people are injured.

If you are alone and no one is available call first if the patient is an adult, get the AED and return and start CPR

If you are alone and no one is available and the patient is a victim of hypoxic arrest (drowning, injury, drug overdose) Care first.

Step 4 Compressions

If the victim is unconscious with no normal breathing and is not moving, begin chest compressions.

Place heel of hand of the dominant hand on the center of the chest between the nipples. The second hand should be placed on top. Compress at least 2 inches deep

Give thirty chest compressions.

Step 5 Open Airway and Attempt Rescue Breath

Open the airway by tilting the head back.  Pinch the nose and make a seal over the mouth. Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each. Watch for chest rise and fall


Step 6 Repeat 4-6

Repeat steps 4 through 6 until help arrives or the person become conscious.

Step of CPR in Detail (Child)

Step 1 Check the Scene

Is it safe for you to help? What happened?

How many patients are there?

Do you need EMS assistance?

Do you have personal equipment ready?

Step 2 Check the Person

Tap and shout the patient. (Tap the child's shoulder)

Look at their chest and face. (Are they breathing normally)


Step 3 Activate EMS and call 9-11

Send someone to call 911, have them tell the police where the patient is located, what happened, and how many people are injured.

If you are alone and no one is available and the patient is an infant or child do five cycles of CPR or two minutes.(see bellow) before calling 911

If you are alone and no one is available and the patient is a victim of hypoxic arrest (drowning, injury, drug overdose) Care first.

Step 4 Compressions

If the victim is unconscious with no normal breathing and is not moving, begin chest compressions.

Place heel of one hand in the center of the chest between the nipples. Use the second hand if necessary. Compress at least 1/3 the depth of the chest.

Give thirty compressions.

Step 5  Rescue Breaths

Open the airway by tilting the head back.  Pinch the nose and make a seal over the mouth. Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each. Watch for chest rise and fall

Step 6 Repeat 4-6

Repeat steps 4-6 until help arives or they regain conscious.

Steps of CPR in Detail (Infant)

Step 1 Check the Scene

Is it safe for you to help? What happened?How many patients are there?Do you need EMS assistance?
Do you have personal equipment ready?

Step 2 Check the Perseon

Tap and shout (Infant)

Look at their chest and face (Are they breathing normaly?)

Step 3 Activate EMS and Call 911

Send someone to call 911, have them tell the police where the patient is located, what happened, and how many people are injured.

If you are alone and no one is available and the patient is an infant or child do five cycles of CPR or two minutes.(see bellow) before calling 911

If you are alone and no one is available and the patient is a victim of hypoxic arrest (drowning, injury, drug overdose) Care first.

Step 4 Compressions

If the victim is unconscious with no normal breathing and is not moving, begin chest compressions.

Place two fingers on the center of the chest between the nipples. Compress at least 1/3 the depth of the chest.

Give the infant 30 compressions

Step 5  Open Airway and Rescue Breaths

Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each. Watch for chest rise and fall.

On an infant, make sure to cover the mouth and nose with your mouth.

Step 6 Repeat

Repeat steps 4-6 until help arrives or the child become conscious.

Steps to Help A Conscious Choking Victim
(Adult/Child)


Step 1 Check the Scene

Is it safe for you to help? What happened?

How many patients are there?

Do you need EMS assistance?

Do you have personal equipment ready?

Step 2 Check the Person

Ask, “Are you choking?

If a person is unable to breath or speak, treat the patient.

Step 3 Activate EMS and call 911

Send someone to call and tell them to come back. The caller should give dispatch the patient’s location, what happened, how many people are injured, and what is being done.

Step 4 Begin Abdominal Thrusts

(For children make sure to get down to their height)

Place the flat side of your fist just above the patients belly button.

Grab the back of your fist with your other hand

Administer abdominal thrusts, pulling inward and upward, until the object comes out or the patient becomes unconscious.

Conscious Infant Choking

Step 1 Check the Scene

Is it safe for you to help?

What happened?

How many patients are there?

Do you need EMS assistance?

Do you have personal equipment ready?

Step 2 Check the Infant

Can they breath, cough cry?

Step 3 Avtivate EMS and Call 911


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