Anne Frank

Anne Frank 13 years old in the Secret Annex.

Anne Frank was born June 12, 1929 to Otto and Edith Frank, in Frankfurt Germany. She is the younger sibling to Margot. In 1933 Hitler became leader of the German government. Anne's parents became worried and scared so they left to Amsterdam, where her father had begun a jam making business called Dutch Opekta Company. Anne and Margot attended Amsterdam's Sixth Montessori School in 1934. In October of 1940, Anne and Margot were forced to transfer to a segregated "Jew school." Otto signed his company over to his two Christian co-workers, while still running things from behind the scenes. On July 5, 1942 Margot received a letter to go work in a Nazi camp in Germany and the next day the Franks went into hiding.

Otto Frank's Dutch Opekta Company

In hiding...

The Franks hid in a room called the Secret Annex. It was an extra room behind a movable closed-in bookshelf inside Otto's company. It was big enough for two families. Eight people ended up living in this Secret Annex. The Franks, the Van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer. At first everything was fine because there were more people to talk to, but after awhile it became crowded. Everyday they had to stay quiet till noon and soon Anne had become depressed from not being able to leave. They had no idea how long they would have to live there. Everyday they all lived in fear that they would be discovered. The Franks spent two years in the Annex getting food from the co-workers and never stepping outside. After those two years they were caught and arrested on spot. They were taken to Auschwitz concentration camp and were separated.  

Anne's Diary

Anne wanted to become a writer so on her 13th birthday her parents bought her a red diary. She wrote her experiences in it while her family was in hiding. Not only did Anne write her own stories while in hiding. Anne also asked questions about her anatomy. Anne gave pseudonyms to the people she wrote about. After the war was over, she wanted to publish everything in her journal. While in the concentration camps, Miep Gies (family friend) kept her diary safe. Anne's father survived the concentration camps and published her diary. If Miep would've known what was said in the diary, she would've destroyed it. Anne wrote hurtful things about the people helping her hide including her parents, and everyone that she was living with. Her diary was published in 1947.The first edition to her diary was called "The Back House.'  Many people have read her diary. Over 30 million copies were published in over 67 languages.

Anne Diary

Getting Caught

After the two years in hiding, they were caught because of an unknown betrayer. The co-workers were taken to Westerbork Camp. The Franks were taken to Auschwitz, which was one of the deadliest concentration camps. After several months of hard labor, Anne and Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen camp, where they later died from typhus. A week after Anne's death, the British Troops liberated Bergen-Belsen camp. Edith was very ill and could not go with them. She died at Auschwitz in January 1945. Otto Frank was the only survivor and returned home to Amsterdam. He heard tragic news about his daughter's deaths. Mr. Van Pels died in Auschwitz, Mrs. Van Pels in Bergen-Belsen and Peter in Mauthausen. Fritz Pfeffer died in Neuengamme.

Prisoners of Bergen-Belsen


  1., A&E Networks Television, May 04,2015
  2. Anne Frank House, Story of Anne Frank: Hiding place, May 04,2015
  3. Mental Floss, 10 things to know about Anne Frank's the Diary of a Young Girl, May 04,2015
  4. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Anne Frank, United States Holocaust Memorial Council, June 20,2014, May 04,2015
  5. Anne Frank House, Anne Frank's History: Story of Anne Frank, May 06,2015
  6., The Diary of Anne Frank, Shmoop Universiry Inc., November 11,2008, May 06,2015
  7. Lee, Carol Ann. Anne Frank and the Children of the Holocaust. New York: Viking, 2006. Print.
Journey from home to Secret Annex
Edith Frank, Margot Frank, Anne Frank, Otto Frank, Mrs. Van Pels, Peter Van Pels, Mr. Van Pels, Fritz Pfeffer

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