Psychological Disorders

Psychological disorders are characterized as being deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional, and usually fall into one of six categories (anxiety, somatoform, dissociative, mood, schizophrenia, or personality disorders). Below is a video about various disorders.

Anxiety Disorders

General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Free floating, constant anxiety

Panic Disorder

Feels as though it may a heart attack, and is often caused by fear of social situations.


Phobias are focused fears. One common one is.....

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple personality)
Dissociative Fugue
Dissociative Amnesia

The woman in the video below has approximately 20 different personalities, and shows the struggle that people with dissociative disorders often face, such as strained relationships.

Mood Disorders


Characterized by more than 2 weeks of debilitating depression

Bipolar Disorder

Characterized by a cycle that alternates between a cycle of mania and depression, which can be rapid moving or slow moving.


Schizophrenia only effects about 1% of the worlds population. Common symptoms include Disorganized Thinking (delusions, paranoia, word salad),Disturbed Perceptions (auditory hallucinations), Inappropriate Actions/ Emotions (reactivity, flat affect, catatonia), and can be either positive (presence of odd behavior) or negative (absence of normal behavior.

Personality Disorders

Cluster A (eccentric)

Paranoid Personality Disorder-extreme suspicion of others
Schizoid Personality Disorder- odd, withdrawn behavior
Schizotypal Personality Disorder-Schizophrenic-like symptoms

Below is a video that includes the possible thoughts of somebody with paranoid personality disorder.

Cluster B (dramatic)

Antisocial Personality Disorder-lack of remorse or empathy
Borderline Personality Disorder-borderline of psychosis
Histrionic Personality Disorder-dramatic personality
Narcissistic Personality Disorder-extreme self-absorption

Cluster C (anxious)

Avoidant Personality Disorder- stays away from other people
Dependent Personality Disorder-long standing need to be taken care of
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder-preoccupation with organization

Somatoform Disorders

Somatization Disorder

Classified as a physical problem that is caused by a psychological problem. An example would be a stomach ulcer caused by stress.

Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorders are caused by a psychological disorder showing itself as a physical symptom (anxiety showing itself as pain). As there is no physiological cause for it, people suffering from conversion disorders are often told that they are faking or just saying that they are in pain for attention, which often makes the situation worse.


A person believes that any physical symptom is severe and a cause of a significant medical problem. (no longer included in DSM V)

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