Tang and Song Dynasty
The Tang and Song dynasties rose in power by innovating technology, forming new ways of government, and influencing people’s culture and religion, but in the end, both dissipated due to corruption in government, and gradually weakening military.
By: Jack Geier, Chase Gailey, Arnold Hong, Parker Bishop, Aidan Chaplin, Kingston Huang, Price Brazzel
Emergence of Sui-Tang Era
- Yang Jian ( Wendi) became emperor. Low taxes, established granaries, conquest and expansion led to popularity.
-Yangdi conquest and expanded with confusion background, Korean war caused peasant revolt and loss of power.
- Tang influence reached Afghanistan ; all submitted
-Imperial Bureaucracy expanded, divided into six ministries of executive branch, scholars played vital role in government development.
-Officials took exams and were taught Confucianism ; led to more educated government
-Confucianism threatened Buddhists and aristocrats; Buddhism lost power in China.
Decline of Tang and Rise of Song
-Tang emperor became uninterested in ruling and distracted; government and army became corrupt.
-Tang collapsed in 9th century and reunified by militaristic and scholarly general Zhao Kuangyin; Khitan a threat
-Limited power to commanders, officials over paid securing scholar-gentry
-Confucianism spread through libraries and revived scholar- gentry
- Weak foundation ( military weakness and conceit) caused downfall
-Song internally deteriorated and pushed south
Prosperity of Tang and Song
- Grand Canal promoted commercial expansion and expanded Silkroad ; dynasties used canal to maintain power in the north.
- Banks and paper money established in Tang Dynasty; floating money
- Men and elders had more rights than women.
-Created innovative technology for agriculture, warfare, trade, literature, and science.