The Mexican Flag was designed in 1821. The red stripe on the right is for the blood shed by Mexican hero, the green on the left is for hope and prosperity and the white in the middle is for the purity of a Roman Catholic religion. The coat of arms (the eagle in the middle of the white stripe on the prickly cactus with a snake in its talons and claws) is from the Aztec legend that helped settle on a specific location in Mexico. The Mexican flag goes way back and its religion and heritage is still practiced. Flag Day is celebrated on Febuary 24 honoring flag in Mexico.
Cinco De Mayo
In the year of 1862, Mexico owed Britain, Spain and France a lot of money, but Mexico did not have the money to pay them. This angered the 3 countries. They retaliated by planning an attack on Mexico to force them to pay. Mexico, however, convinced Spain and Britain that attacking Mexico would not be in their best interests and promised them that they would pay. Britain and Spain withdrew their forces from Mexican soil. However, France was not convinced. They wanted their money immediately. So the French forces, sent by Napoleon III, remained on Mexican soil. The France forces believed that once Mexico saw their large army, they would surrender. They were wrong. When the French forces attacked on Tuesday May 5th, Mexico bravely held their ground and defeated the French army.
They named this day Cinco de Mayo (5th of May). This day honors Mexico's Victory over France. It is also known as 'Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla'. In Mexico, Cinco de Mayo is celebrated with parades that feature Mexican and French soldiers, traditional Mexican food such as enchiladas, tacos, tortilla chips, and salsa.
In the U.S and and some parts of Canada, people celebrate with Cinco de Mayo parties and traditional Mexican foods. Decoration often includes the colors red, green, and white.
A Quinceanera is the celebration of a girl turning 15 and finally entering womanhood. Quinceaneras are normally celebrated with huge parties that involve feasting, dancing, toasts, and masses. The girl traditionally wear flowing gowns of light, pastel, or white colors. They are also given a tiarab symbolizing that to their close family and friend, they will always be a princess. Quinceaneras are one of the biggest events in a girl's life, almost as big as weddings.
Dia de Los Muertos
(Day of the Dead)
Day of the dead is a Mexican holiday that takes place on November 1st and 2nd. Though day of the dead may seem like a time of mourning, it's actually a time of festivals and parties. Mexicans believe the dead would be offended if they were sad on the day they honored, so instead the rejoice in the memory of their loved ones. People often clean and decorate graves of their loved ones on this day. Sugar skulls and coffins are handed out. Figurines of skeletons decorate houses and buildings. Though people dress up and paint their faces as skulls, Day of the Dead is NOT Halloween. It actually has nothing to do with Halloween, but many people often mistake this holiday for it.
Las Posadas is a religious holiday Mexicans celebrate that takes place 9 days before Christmas. Piñatas are very popular during this time and are often seen in parties. Las Posadas translates to 'the inn' or 'the lodgings'. This 9 day celebration includes a reenactment of Mary and Joseph trying to find an inn to stay at. Two people (one boy and one girl) play Mary and Joseph. Mary rides on a donkey because she is too pregnant with Jesus to walk. They ride from house to house, looking for a place to stay. At each house, they sing a special song, asking for entrance, but are turned down. Finally, at the last house, they are allowed in.
GDP pre capita- $15,600
Government- Federal Republic
Economy- Free Market
Men Life Expectancy- 72.67
Women Life Expectancy- 78.32
Religion- Catholic 82%, Jehovah Witness 1.4%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Evangelical Church 5%, other 1.9%, none 7%