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Algonquin park is a provincial park located between the Georgian bay and the Ottawa river in Ontario Canada. Founded in 1893, it is the oldest provincial park in Canada. Its current size is about 7,653 square kilometers.
Poor soils, a harsh climate and fires have produced a varied and changing second-growth forest, including pine, fir, birch and poplar.
For most of Algonquin's history, human settlement was not a very important element. Scattered family groups of aboriginal peoples came to fish, hunt and pick berries, but their numbers were never large. It was not until the 1800s that big changes came to the rugged Algonquin highlands.
Wildlife: The park is famous for its wolves, and other species including deer, moose, bears and raccoons are all common. About 240 bird species have been recorded in the park including the spruce grouse, brown thrasher, scarlet tanager and loon. Cold, deep lakes are especially suited to trout, and small-mouthed bass, pike, muskellunge and walleye are also found.
Human: logging, especially for white pine, began in the 19th century. Today over 70% of the park is still subject to controlled logging. Canoeing and portaging are also largely popular activities now a days.
Climate: The park has a humid continental climate with long, cold snowy winters and warm and sunny summers. In winter, temperatures frequency drop below -20 degrees celsius while in the summer, temperatures can reach 30 degrees celsius. average perception is about 810 mm per year.
The park contains and protects many parks including:Amable du fond river
- Barron river
- Bonnechere river
- Gull river
- Madawaska river
- Magnetawan river
- Muskoka river
- Petawawa river
- York river