Clara Barton

Angel of the Battlefield

Evidence:

Fearless Humanitarian

Warrant no. 1:

Unperturbed by the dangers of the battlefield, Barton badgered political and military chiefs to grant her access to the front lines of the First Battle of Manassas, tending to wounded soldiers. In fact, she was working so close the fighting of the Battle of Antietam, a bullet passed through her dress sleeve and killed the soldier she was helping. In 1864, Major General Benjamin Butler appointed her as "lady in charge" of the nurses in the Army of the James.

Warrant no. 2:

After the war in 1865, Barton founded the Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army, located at her residence in Washington, DC. She received over 63,000 letters from friends and relatives that lead to published lists of the names of the missing soldiers. She led a 4-year search, accompanying the mission that identified, buried, and marked the graves of 13,000 Union soldiers, establishing the Andersonville National Cemetery in Georgia. By the time the office closed in 1867, she had identified over 22,000 men.

Warrant no. 3:

During a European trip, Barton was introduced to a Swiss-inspired movement; The International Red Cross. Upon her return, she established the American branch of the Red Cross in 1881. She remained president for 23 years, during which she conducted the first domestic and overseas relief effort (a practice later adopted by the IRC), aided the U.S. in the Spanish-American war, and established purpose of relief to members of the Armed Forces and their families.

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