Kasey Geiger


Opium is dried latex from the opium poppy.  In order to get opium someone must scratch the immature seed pods (fruits) by hand.  The latex then leaks out and dries and turns into a sticky yellowish residue that is scraped off and dehydrated. Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug. Opium can be chemically processed to make heroin and other synthetic opiates.


Street Names

- Buddha
- Midnight Oil
- Aunti or Aunti Emma
- Dreams
- O
- Zero
- Big O
- Hop


Short Term Effects

The short term effects from using opium are similar to the short term effects of alcohol or Xanax.
The "high" includes:
- Feelings of well-being
- Feelings of relaxation and warmth
- Dreamy state of mind
- Relief of pain and discomfort
- Dehydration, dry mouth
- Mental function weakness
- Because of mental weakness, it can be easy to be
taken advantage of or more likely to get
in an accident.


Long Term Effects

- From smoking opium - increased risk of lung cancer
- Damage to heart, liver, kidneys, and lungs
- Lack of oxygen to brain
- From injecting opium - vein damage or STDs

Addiction is very likely....some symptoms of addiction are:
- Mood swings
- Irritability
- Depression


User Population

- Heroin is the most commonly used opiate.
- About 75% of opiate users consume heroin.
- About 12 and 21 million opiate users worldwide
- Most users are from North America (mostly heroin), with Asia and Europe behind.


Chemical Structure of Opium

Opium contains two main alkaloids: phenanthrenes and benzylisoquinolines.
Morphine and codeine are also in opium.


It is unlawful to grow the opium poppy plant and you could be charged with a fine and up to 12 months in prison.  
- Use of an illegal opiate drug (such as heroin) can also result in a hefty fine and prison time, depending on how much was in possession.
-Same sentencing and fines for distribution of opium.




- Earliest reference to growing of opium was in 3400 BC where it was grown in Southeast Asia and referred to as the "joy plant."
- In the mid-1800s during the Gold Rush, Chinese immigrants brought the habit of opium smoking with them
- Heroin was first synthasized from opium in the 1800s as well


What is Opium Used For?

- Morphine, a commonly known drug for pain, is a principle ingredient in opium, as well as oxycodone.

- Poppy seeds used in baking or poppy flowers are (obviously) not illegal
- Synthesized heroin from opium is a common illegal drug in the United States


How it is Metabolized

- Opium's effects mostly depend on how it is introduced into the body (smoked, sniffed, injected, etc.)
- When smoked, it works quickly because the opiate chemicals pass into the lungs where they are quickly absorbed by blood vessels and transported to the brain.
- Opium's effects occur more slowly when eaten or mixed in a liquid, because then the drug has to pass through the stomach and upper intestines, and into the liver before moving on to the brain.


Symptoms of Opium Overdose

- Decreased level of consciousness
- Small pupils
- Heart rate slowed
- Blue lips/nails
- Sometimes seizures and muscle spasms



- Naloxone is very good - reverses the cause rather than just the symptoms
- Naltrexone is primarily meant to treat opioid and alcohol dependence.


Works Cited

"Opium: Uses, Addiction Treatment & Side Effects - Drugs.com." Opium: Uses, Addiction Treatment & Side Effects - Drugs.com. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <http://www.drugs.com/illicit/opium.html>.

BS. PBS. Web. 26 Aug. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/show

"Opium." Opium. Web. 11 June 2010. <http://www.streetdrugs.org/html files/Opium.html>