WWI Photo Archives
weaponry & technology
The airplane was a new addition to military defense in World War I. Military airplanes included defensive tools such as chemical attacks, which required a strong knowledge of combining scientific elements that were strong enough to be used in defense, drop-bombs to plant on land below the airplane, and also bullets to shoot at opponent airplanes while flying. The most effective use of airplane defense was the drop-bombs, making militaries able to target large amounts of land at a time and completely destructing enemy areas. Since this was the time first airplanes were used during a time of war, people had to experiment with size and weight of weapons on board the plane in order for it to take off. Science, militarism, and industrialization are each presented in creating a military airplane.
[ Photo from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/382295/...
Information from: http://www.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/wwi/int... ]
weaponry & technology (part 2)
Flamethrowers were only used by Germans during World War I, being a unique component that caused immediate destruction. Flamethrowers were activated by burning fuel being in one side of a cylinder pipe, and air being blown into the other side to launch it. Flames would burst on the enemy's side, spreading quickly and highly benefitting to the Germans. Since the battles took place on farmland, these fires would cause immense damage to crops and plants, making the flames not only set fire to the people but also to the land. Flamethrowers targeted large amounts of people at once, and also were a distraction to the British and French armies during battles. This successful and simple scientific strategy was later brought to the fronts of most German battles during WWI, being a smart tool for short-range fighting yet also becoming a major target for the enemy to eliminate.
[ Photo from: http://www.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/wwi/intr...
Information from: http://www.illustratedfirstworldwar.com/the-ww1-fl.../]
cause of WWI
WWI was caused by the murder of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary. European countries were already eager for imperialism, creating tight competition for but the assassination was the spark that started the fire. Austria-Hungary's was quick to discover that the assassin was a Serbian nationalist- or a patriotic person strongly wanting political independence for their country, immediately creating tight tensions between Russia (Serbia's close alliance) and Austria-Hungary. Then Austria-Hungary and Germany became alliances, and war broke out; the alliance domino effect was the creation of a world war.
[ Information from: http://firstworldwar.com/origins/causes.htm,
British soldiers crammed into a trench preparing for battle. Trenches were very helpful to soldiers in WWI because they could easily duck down with their gun propped up, and catch their enemy troops off guard while remaining uninjured. However, soldiers participating in the trenches remained there for days or even weeks at a time. This caused for the trenches to contain life threatening diseases and pests such as "Trench Fever", rats, lice, mold building up in unclean socks (also known as Trench Foot), and it was overall a very unhealthy place to work in. Despite the life threatening diseases, soldiers were still determined to defeat their opponents during battles and risk their lives to express nationalism and fight for their country.
[ Photo from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2187266/Ca...
Information from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/0/ww1/25626530 ]
soldier life (part 2)
Although soldiers had daily schedules including sleep, food, and bathing, they always had to remain on their toes and realistically had no breaks. Men fighting at the front could always use more help, and a soldier had a chance of being called to fight at any moment. Along with the work, they had the constant terror of being attacked at any moment, and constantly felt threatened. Some soldiers suffered from "shell shock"- where they would be permanently traumatized by battles. Shell shock's symptoms were impaired hearing and sight, fatigue, and nightmares. Soldiers were scarred for life (literally) by the environment and sights they saw, proving the innocence they had to sacrifice for their country. Their only communication to their families at home was through letters, leaving their souls completely devoted to the war.
[ Information from: http://www.bl.uk/world-war-one/articles/the-daily-...
Photo from: http://www.bl.uk/world-war-one/themes/life-as-a-so... ]
Propaganda was the main source of communications from government to civilians. This was a government's way to make their military appear to be strong, and to display their enemy countries in the harshest ways possible. Propaganda brings nationalism to civilians by influencing them that their country is higher than any other, and is aiming at motivating people enough to join the military, give money to the government, make clothing, and create weapons for the military. This is what the government wanted: to improve citizens' liking of their country, strengthen their dislike of their opponents, and to gain as much money and power needed to defeat their rivals.
[ Information from: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/propaganda_an...
civilian life (part 2)
Since women did not participate in the military, they had various obligations back at home. Women were one of the reasons why WWI was considered a total war; all genders and all people were a target and were forced to somehow contribute to the war. Women would spend their days during WWI in factories sewing uniforms for soldiers, manufacturing weapons, and providing for their families. They also had to occupy jobs that men had before they joined the military. In some ways, women were put under the same amount of stress as men in the military were. Both sexes were forced to donate all their time to do what the government asked, and were constantly living under the risk of being attacked every day.
[ Information from: http://www.striking-women.org/module/women-and-wor...
Photo from: http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/womenww1_int... ]
impact of the war
Political opinions were dramatically changed after WWI, such as people encouraging government to become more liberal and socialism spreading through European countries. These political beliefs are attempting to take less power away from the government, and for people to be able to have freedom of speech and ideas while losing trust in their governments. The war also brought new and advanced technology to the world, such as airplanes, ships, cars, and radios; all changing the economy and creating new jobs. WWI created a new era for the world, and still leaves behind some souvenirs for the world: 30% of land-mines used in WWI still remain unexploded in various areas, causing a couple of deaths every once and a while.
[ Information from: http://ibatpv.org/projects/great_war/effects.htm
Photo from: ]