Brazil

''Brazil: Country Overview.'' World Geography: Understanding a changing World. ABC- Clio,2014. Web.14 Nov.2014.

The capital for Brazil is Brasilia.

The major languages in Brazil is Portuguese.

Brazil is location in South American and it the biggest country in South American in Brazil.

The population of is Brazil is 200.4 million. The average of Brazil is 30.5. Life expectancy at birth in Brazil stands at just over 73 years, 7 years below the OECD average of 80 years.

Geography

The major landforms that Brazil has is the Amazon River that Brazil. The Brazilian is divided by the Highlands are covered by low mountain range  and forest river valleys. From Rio de Janeiro north to.

The architectural of a country is defined, to an enormous degree, by its history and heritage. On the other hand, the  architectural also forms a destination. Brazil was colonised by Portuguese explores centuries ago, and this culture has continued to influence the look and feel of this country. These colonial- style buildings give the country a really charming element.

The major Bodies of water. One of the most visited cities in Brazil, this city offers the slipped- and barefoot lifestyle as well as the relaxing and popular beaches, such as found in Copacabana and Ipanema.

Blue Lake Cave. One of the most stunning and magical lakes in Brazil, the Blue Lake Cave is found in the Mato Grosso do Sul Sate is popular due to its unbelievably blue water color, which is quite unusual for a lake.

Grumari Beach. If your are looking at its best, then

Brazil is truly blessed with endless natural sceneries, and its many beautiful bodies of water are one of the most exceptional travel attractions in the country.

Cabeledo, Paraiba

You can only expect the loveliest beaches when in Brazil, and you definitely won’t miss how they have become a significant part of this country’s culture.

Read on so that you can get more information about the various bodies of water that is hailed as the most beautiful water attractions in Brazil.

1. Rio de Janeiro Beaches

One of the most visited cities in Brazil, this city offers the slippers-and-barefoot lifestyle as well as the relaxing and popular beaches, such as that found in Copacabana and Ipanema.

The Ipanema beach, in particular, is best for peaceful beach bumming, dining and partying, yet it could be a bit costly for some travelers. The Copacabana, on the other hand, is a world-renowned beach that never fails to welcome a constant influx of travelers from all over the globe.

2. Blue Lake Cave

One of the most stunning and magical lakes in Brazil, the Blue Lake Cave is found in the Mato Grosso do Sul State and is popular due to its unbelievably blue water color, which is quite unusual for a lake.

3. Grumari Beach

If you’re looking for tranquility at its best, then planning a trip to this beach is recommended. You’ll not only find yourself in a breathtakingly gorgeous strip of beach but also in lush vegetation that’s included in an environmental conservation.

São Paulo, in the state of São Paulo, is the chief industrial city of Latin America and the largest city in Brazil. This bustling, modern city is the center of the nation's textile industry. Rio de Janeiro, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, is considered one of the world's most beautiful cities.

Climate

  1. The Equatorial Zone

    An equatorial climate is usually one in which rainforests can be found due to the year-round humidity and precipitation. There is no winter season and no period in which it is particularly dry. Rainfall is usually heavy and frequent all through the year, yielding dense, luscious vegetation typical of rainforests. Night time temperatures may drop significantly from daytime highs. However, the daily temperatures are all fairly similar as equatorial zones usually lie on the equator (although this is not always the case), placing them on the same line of latitude and, therefore, along the same pressure belt. Because it is usually overcast in equatorial zones, the daily highs do not often exceed about 33 degrees Celsius, and are usually at a comfortable temperature between 25 and 28 degrees.

  2. The Tropical Zone As its name implies, this climatic zone is found in the tropics. The temperatures of these zones are consistent all year round. In fact, the only distinguishing characteristic of the different seasons is the amount of rainfall that they bring. In areas of rainforests, such as in Brazil, the average rainfall is at least 60 millimeters (or 2.4 inches) per annum. To qualify as a Tropical Zone, an area must have a mean temperature of over 18 degrees Celsius all year round.
  3. The Semi-Arid Zone

    These zones receive less rain than they actually need to make up for evaporation, but not so much less that the area becomes a desert. They are the halfway mark between deserts and humid forests. In semi-arid zones, the vegetation includes hardy shrubs and grasses, rather than trees. There are"hot semi-arid climates" and "cold semi-arid climates", each with their own unique characteristics based on the differences in the mean annual temperature.

  4. The Highland Tropical Zone

    This is also called an Oceanic Climate or a Maritime Climate and is found along the coast of Brazil. It is characterized by cool summers and warm winters, although the annual temperature does not vary by significant amounts. Rainfall is fairly uniform throughout the year. To qualify as such a zone, the area must experience an annual mean temperature of not lower than 18 degrees Celsius.

  5. The Subtropical Zone

    This zone refers to the areas that are just outside of the formal Tropical Zones. It is hot, but not quite as hot and humid as Tropical areas. Winters are mild to cool, but not cold enough for snow or frost. In Brazil, the Subtropical Zone experiences different levels of rainfall, depending on their elevation above sea level.

    In general, the coastal cities of this South American country can get very hot, while those on plateaus usually enjoy milder temperatures and conditions. Northeast Brazil is the driest part of the country, yielding limited vegetation, while the Amazon Basin experiences the highest levels of precipitation and is, therefore, home to an array of fascinating fauna and flora. Average Yearly Rainfall Because of its tropical and subtropical climate, Brazil is an all-year round destination. The Brazilian winter lasts for only three months from June to August. From December to February it's summer. The temperature varies within a year with monthly averages in winter between 13 and 18 degrees Celsius (55 and 64 degrees Fahrenheit). During the summer, temperatures can reach 30 to 40 degrees Celsius (86 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit) in Rio de Janeiro and into the regions in the south, but accompanied by frequent showers and a rather heavy humidity. Sydney is the largest city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney has a population of approximately 4.5 million and an area of approximately 12,000 square kilometers. The annual average temperature in the region is 22 to 26 °C (72 to 79 °F), with not much variation between the warmest and the coldest months. The hottest part of Brazil is the northeast, where temperatures of more than 38 °C (100 °F) are frequently recorded during the dry season between May and November.

    • n northeast Brazil semi-arid and arid areas will suffer a decrease of water resources due to climate change [3.4, 3.7]. Semi- arid vegetation is likely to be replaced by arid-land vegetation. In tropical forests, species extinctions are likely [13.4]
    • Computed groundwater recharge decreases dramatically by more than 70% in north-eastern Brazil (reference climate normal 1961-1990 and the 2050s) [3.4.2.].
    • Increases in rainfall in southeast Brazil have had impacts on land use, crop yields and have increased flood frequency and intensity [TS4.2].
    • In the future, sea level rise, weather and climatic variability and extremes modified by global warming are very likely to have impacts on mangroves [13.4.4].
    • 38-45% of the plants in the Cerrado (Central Brazil savannas) committed to extinction with temperature increase of 1.7°C above pre- industrial levels[Table 4.1]Amazonian:
    • Highly unusual extreme weather events were reported, such as Amazon drought in 2005 [TS4.2].
    • Potential increases in drought conditions have been quantitatively projected during the critical growing phase, due to increasing summer temperatures and precipitation declines [4.4.5]
    • In non-fragmented Amazon forests, direct effects of CO2 on photosynthesis, as well as faster forest turnover rates, may have caused a substantial increase in density of lianas over the last 2 decades [1.3.5.5].
    • Conversion of natural vegetation to agricultural land drives climate change by altering regional albedo and latent heat flux, causing additional summer warming in key regions in Amazon region [4.4.1]
    • Major loss of Amazon rainforest with large losses of biodiversity with 2.0-3.0°C above pre-industrial levels
    • Increases in temperature and decreases in soil water would lead to replacement of tropical forest by savanna in eastern Amazonia. [13

    Culture The cultures of the indigenous Indians, Africans, and Portuguese have together formed the modern Brazilian way of life. The Portuguese culture is by far the dominant of these influences; from it Brazilians acquired their language, their main religion, and most of their customs.The cultures of the indigenous Indians, Africans, and Portuguese have together formed the modern Brazilian way of life. The Portuguese culture is by far the dominant of these influences; from it Brazilians acquired their language, their main religion, and most of their customs. The major Sports in Brazil is soccer. Soccer is the most popular sport in Brazil. Other than football, sports like volleyball, mixed martial arts, basketball, and motorsports, especially Formula One has a high level of popularity.The most popular and widely spread sport in Brazil is, undoubtedly, football (or soccer). This is especially appropriate as Brazil will be hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup™. This means millions of football fans from all over the world flooding into this South American country in the hopes of seeing their favorite team take the coveted title of world champions. A number of well-known football players and world-renowned teams hail from this country. Just some of the popular players are Pelé, Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká, and Ronaldinho. Footvolley Invented in the 1960’s, footvolley is a combination of football and volleyball. It is played with a volleyball net, but players can use only their feet to get the ball to their opponents on the other side. It is a perfect beach game and visitors are sure to spot it as they frequent the many gorgeous beaches of Brazil. Tennis

    Brazil is represented in major tennis tournaments, such as Wimbledon and the US Open and is home to some of the best players in the world.

Basketball

The national basketball team of Brazil and its players are well respected in this sport on an international level. This is the third most popular sport in the country (after football and then volleyball).

Motorsport

As a nation, Brazil has won more than 100 Formula One races, testifying to the calibre of sportsmen that emanate from this nation in the motorsports arena. Some well-known names include A

As a nation, Brazil has won more than 100 Formula One races, testifying to the calibre of sportsmen that emanate from this nation in the motorsports arena. Some well-known names include Ayrton Senna, Rubens Barrichello, Bruno Senna, Felipe Massa and Lucas Di Grassi. It is also a key competitor in the American Championship Car Racing tournament, as well as less well-known competitions like Stock Car Brasil, Fórmula Truck and The South American Formula Three. Motorbike racing is also prevalent, and Brazilian competitors frequently participate in the MotoGP.

yrton Senna, Rubens Barrichello, Bruno Senna, Felipe Massa and Lucas Di Grassi. It is also a key competitor in the American Championship Car Racing tournament, as well as less well-known competitions like Stock Car Brasil, Fórmula Truck and The South American Formula Three. Motorbike racing is also prevalent, and Brazilian competitors frequently participate in the MotoGP.

Volleyball

As the second most popular sport in Brazil, both the male and female national volleyball teams participate at Olympic level. They also compete in competitions such as the Volleyball World Cup and Volleyball World Championship. Brazil is recognised as the world champion in beach volleyball.

Rugby

Rugby is a much-loved sport in Brazil, but its teams have not yet reached the level at which they qualify for major competitions (such as World Cups). This sport dates back to the late 1800’s and has, therefore, established a strong foundation in the culture.

Named for the man who discovered the species, Emil August Goeldi, Goeldi's marmoset (sometimes referred to as Goeldi's monkey or a callimico) is a small creature that is native to the upper Amazon Basin regions of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. A new world monkey, Goeldi's marmosets are usually black or dark-brown in color, with occasional red, white, or silver highlights on the head and tail. They have lengths between 8 and 9 inches (20 and 23 centimeters), and tails of about 10 to 12 inches (25-30 centimeters).

Considered vulnerable for extinction, this monkey is quite rare, and is often unseen because of its habit of foraging in dense undergrowth. This also leads to vast separations between groups, as only a certain number can inhabit a suitable environment, and these areas may be spread far apart. Within these separate colonies, the marmosets live in groups of about 6, and communicate by high-pitched calls. They're also known to co-habitate with tamarins because of the tamarins abilities to see colors better than the Goeldi's marmosets.

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Animals / Mammal Facts / Types of Monkeys / Geoldi's Marmoset - Little Black Monkey Hiding In the Amazon

Geoldi's Marmoset - Little Black Monkey Hiding In the Amazon

Named for the man who discovered the species, Emil August Goeldi, Goeldi's marmoset (sometimes referred to as Goeldi's monkey or a callimico) is a small creature that is native to the upper Amazon Basin regions of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. A new world monkey, Goeldi's marmosets are usually black or dark-brown in color, with occasional red, white, or silver highlights on the head and tail. They have lengths between 8 and 9 inches (20 and 23 centimeters), and tails of about 10 to 12 inches (25-30 centimeters).

Considered vulnerable for extinction, this monkey is quite rare, and is often unseen because of its habit of foraging in dense undergrowth. This also leads to vast separations between groups, as only a certain number can inhabit a suitable environment, and these areas may be spread far apart. Within these separate colonies, the marmosets live in groups of about 6, and communicate by high-pitched calls. They're also known to co-habitate with tamarins because of the tamarins abilities to see colors better than the Goeldi's marmosets.

The marmoset's diet consists of fruit, insects, spiders, butterflies, lizards, frog, snakes, and when necessary, fungi; actually, they are the only tropical primates to utilize this food source.

Goeldi's Marmosets give birth twice a year on average, with gestation periods that last between 140 and 180 days, and yielding only one baby at a time. The baby is under the mother's care for the first 2-3 weeks, at which point the father takes over care-giving duties. They live for about 10 years on average.

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