What are LDL and HDL? LDL is the cholesterol that contributes to plaque that causes arteries to clot and make them less flexible. HDL is the cholesterol that helps remove LDL from arteries.

How do LDL and HDL differ? Structurally LDL has more cholesterol than HDL. Function wise HDL takes the cholesterol to the liver and LDL takes it into the bloodstream

Why do doctor's monitor them? HDL and LDL evaluate a person's health status and to see if the person is at risk for a cardiovascular disease.

How are they associated with the risk of heart disease? If you have too much cholesterol in your blood stream it will build up on your arteries and cause blockage.

What other molecules are monitored? The other molecules monitored are triglycerides and hemoglobin.

What do the results of a cholesterol test mean? Results will come back in milligrams per deciliter of blood

Ideal Total: Less than 200 mg/dL

Ideal LDL: Less than 190 mg/dL

Ideal HDL: More than 40 mg/dL

Ideal Triglycerides: 150 mg/dL

What can patients do? Get a blood test to check your levels, eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight by exercising, don't smoke, and ask your doctor about medication

How does the intake of unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats affect you? It affects you by, high intake of trans fats and saturated fats can cause high cholesterol levels. Unsaturated fats can help your cholesterol levels.

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