Concepts of God by Jeremy and Anish
Taylor's argument from contingency: Taylor states that the universes existence is caused by forces either in or outside the world and that all in the world is contingent. but contingency doesnt explain how the universe exists, so therefore the universe is dependent on something else to exist, in this case, God.
Paley's argument for the existence of God: Paley uses an analogy of a complex watch; Paley states that the complex nature of the watch requires that there be a watch maker. Similarly, according to Paley, the universe is complex, so thus, a universe maker must exist. His argument doesn't make use of much logic, as much as it does faith.
-Psalm 19: "The heavens declare the glory of God,
the sky proclaims His handiwork."- this quote is saying that the heavens and the sky are evidence of God, much like how Paley says the complexity of the world is evidence of the existence of God
Design arguments arose because people have always sought explanations for why the world exists and why it is the way it is. Design arguments offered possible explanations for who created his world.
Why were philosophical arguments for the existence of God NOT used by the Biblical authors?
They were not used because the philosophical arguments were highly controversial; creating dispute and disagreement over a holy document ruins the real purpose of the Bible.
Why were philosophical arguments for the existence of God eventually developed by theologians and philosophers?
Thelogians and philosophers attempted to answer the questions of the divine because they wanted to try to explain great mysteries of the universe through logic. However, this was ineffective with God, a being with varied interpretation and an abstract meaning.
Why did they arise? (The cosmological argument)
They were curious about the fundamental workings of the universe and wanted to logically explain how we, and the universe in which we exist, came to be. This continues to be a mystery today, as we do not have enough scientific evidence or a sound logical argument to explain the origin of our universe.
What are Aquinas’ Five Proofs? Strengths and weaknesses?
Aquinas' Five Proofs are: The First Mover, The First Cause, Possibility and Necessity, Gradation, and Design. The strengths are he utilizes inductive reasoning and uses no specific definitions. However, the weaknesses are that the conclusion does not necessarily follow the premises, we cannot assume the universe has a cause, and that the logic is disjointed.
Ontological = philosophical study of existence, association, and
Comsmological = set of arguments that deals with time before the universe began
Teleological: an argument that seeks to explain the purpose of the existence of something
Contingency: things that in order to be true, are dependent on other things to be true
Aquinas was an Italian Catholic priest and philosopher who asserted that God is relevant in our thoughts and action each day and influences the revelation that we come to in the end.
Anselm: Philosopher who is best known for his highly controversial Ontological Argument. He was a highly religious Christian, serving as Archbishop from 1093 to 1109.
Descartes: Philosopher and mathmatician who denied the existence of a final end, instead asserting that natural phenomena are responsible (God and creation are separate)
Richard Taylor-professor of philosophy, known for his writings on metaphysics and ethics. Also known for writing a version of the contingency based cosmological argument.
William Paley: a clergyman and philosopher known for his version of the teleological argument
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