AP International 2016
By Maddy Johannes
Above is a horse. The difference from this horse and the horses we will be talk about isn't that much, however there is clearly a difference. (some pictures may be upsetting to some)
These are the kind of horses we will be talking about. Clearly there is a major difference that we can see. This horse is under weight, there are many abrasions on the body and legs. Now you may be asking yourself is that an abused horse? Well you're not far off, this horse isn't necessarily being abused by humans though. The cuts and scrapes may be caused from human neglect or just horses being horses. The real story behind this horse is worms. Now someone out there reading this is 'Thinking earthworms can do that?' Well that would be a no. I'm talking about parasitic worms. Before we go any farther lets stop and talk about worms.
There are many different types of worms but I'm only going to talk about a few. There are tapeworms, roundworms, pin worms, hookworms, lungworms, flukes, threadworms, seatworms and screwworms, just to name the few that effect horses and livestock. Now some worms can handle cold Canadian temperatures, while others cannot survive anything under 35 degrees Celicus. Most worms have about a year lifespan, in that time they can reproduce many, many times. Now this can happen one of two ways; asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction. For those of you who don't know, asexual reproduction only takes one organism to reproduce. Kinda cool right. Anyways back to the topic at hand. So now that we know a little more about worms lets look at some.
Haven't seen enough yet? Okay.
Okay so before I lose you do to the nasty pics, lets talk about how horses or any other animal can get worms. Animals who graze (eat off the ground) can be exposed to some parasitic worms that have left a dead host. Some worms can survive in water and are ingested while the host drinks. So that's the route though the mouth. The other main way is the skin. Some parasites such as bot flies will leave eggs on the hairs of the animal, for the larvi to hatch and eat the host until they are ready to take flight. Others may enter though cuts and open wounds (this is probably how the horse in the second picture got worms). Once worms have entered the host that's when the mayhem begins. They rob the host of nutrients, extra fats, water and once that is gone the worms eat muscle, and/or move to other areas of the host. Once dead or dying the worms release their hold on the host and leave a bag bones behind.
Worms in your livestock
Worms can enter livestock of any kind; chickens, pigs, cows, sheep, goats etc. there are many way to rid your animals of these nasty pests.
Oral Paste- this is used mainly for horses and can be used for cow, pigs, sheep etc.
Pour on- this is used in cattle mainly but can be used on many animals, it is used to remove tick, bots and worms from pen wounds (always read directions)
Injectable- this is a needle that you can buy or have you vet do for you
I recommend Panomec Ivermectin as the best product for the price. This is an oral horse dewormer. it ca be bought for roughly $9.95 for 10 syringes plus tax.
For cows i recommend Normectin Plus Injectable, you get 250mL at $77.95 1ml per 110lbs.
For farther research i recommend www.valleyvet.com as well as Quick Feed Copetown Mills