John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy (nickname Jack) the 35 president of the United States was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 27, 1917 and was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald on November 22, 1963. He was one out of the nine children his parents, Joseph and Rose Kennedy had. they were members of Boston's most prominent irish catholic families. John ended up having 4 children (Caroline, Patrick, Arabella, and JFK Jr.) with his wife Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
When John was young he went to Canterbury and Choate private schools. He later attended Harvard University and traveled to Europe as his fathers secretary. John spent most of his summers in Hyannis Port on Cape Cod. In 1941 John joined the Navy and got sent to the South Pacific two years later given the command of the Patrol-Torpedo boat. In 1943 Kennedy received the award The Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism for helping his marooned men back to safety after a Japanese destroyer truck the PT-109. Kennedy's brother was killed a year later during a secret mission against the german rocket launching site.
Even though Kennedy was Catholic (first ever Catholic president of the United States) he was not very outwardly religious and more often spoke upon the separation of church and state. His famous appeal was a speech gave to the Greater Houston Ministerial Society in 1960 where one of his famous quote derived from. "Because I am a Catholic, and no Catholic has ever been elected president, the real issues in this campaign have been obscured — perhaps deliberately, in some quarters less responsible than this. So it is apparently necessary for me to state once again not what kind of church I believe in — for that should be important only to me — but what kind of America I believe in."
Kennedy had been a proud liberal Democrat, he faced many political challenges like the Cuban missile crisis, the civil rights movement, and the space race. During his presidency he was trying to end all communism around the world. His first attempt was in April 1961, an approved plan to send 1,400 CIA-trained Cuban exiles in the landing in the Bay of Pigs which ended up to be a failure. It was to spur a rebellion to overthrow the dictator Fidel Castro, but ended up getting nearly all the exiles either captured or killed. June of 1961 Kennedy met with the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in Venna to discuss Berlin, two months after this meeting east german troops began constructing a wall to divide the city. Responding to this Kennedy sent over an army convoy to west berlin to reassure them of the U.S support. After the cuban missile crisis in 1962, Kennedy was able to meet with Nikita Khrushchev, and the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and sign the Nuclear test ban treaty which ended up being Kennedy's greatest foreign affairs victory.
In this picture is John F. Kennedy and his WWII buddies. This picture was taken in Hyannisport in 1944. This picture includes Edward Kennedy, Joe Gargan; Paul "Red" Fay, John F. Kennedy, L.J. Thom, Jim Reed, Barney Ross, and Bernie. Some things people may not know about JFK is that he was afraid to run for re-election against George Romney (Mitt Romney's Father) in 1964. He even said "The one fellow I don’t want to run against is Romney. That guy could be tough” Another Fact would be that in the summer in 1962, Kennedy installed a taping system in the Oval Office and the Cabinet Room to a tape recorder the lead to the basement. Many people think this was to "aid him in writing his future memoir, and it captured many historical discussions between Kennedy and his staff, including discussions during the Cuban Missile Crisis."
Klein, Christopher. "10 Things You May Not Know About John F. Kennedy." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 20 Nov. 2013. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/10-thing...>
"John F. Kennedy and WWII Friends in Hyannisport, 1944." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/doGmZOo-oEK...>
"John F. Kennedy." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/john-f...>
Kershaw, Tom. "John F. Kennedy’s Religion and Political Views." John F. Kennedy’s Religion and Political Views. Hollowverse, 13 May 2012. Web. 6 May 2015. <http://hollowverse.com/john-f-kennedy/>