Britain's Role in India

At the beginning of the 18th century English commerce with India was nearly a hundred years old. It was transacted by the East India Company, which had been given a monopoly of all English trade to Asia by royal grant at its foundation in 1600. Towards the end of the 17th century India became the focal point of the Company's trade. The Company's main settlements, Bombay, Madras and Calcutta were established in he Indian provinces. Some of the effects of the British rule in India are: India's once prosperous hand-weaving industry was ruined, there was massive deforestation, there was population growth, famines swept India in the late 1800's, exposure to Western ideas leads to nationalist movement and there was improved technology in transportation and communications. In 1885 the Indian National Congress was created and became India's major political party. The party became the nation's leader in the Independence Movement in its struggle against the British Empire. In 1857 India's First war of Independence occurred, termed Sepoy Riots by the British was an attempt to unite India against the invading British. The rebellion led to the end of the East India Company's rule in India.


Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi studied law and came to advocate for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.


Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born December 25, 1876, in Karachi, Pakistan. In 1906 he joined the Indian National Congress. Seven years later, he joined the India Muslim League. The independent state of Pakistan that Jinnah had envisioned came to be on August 14, 1947. The following day, he was sworn in as Pakistan’s first governor-general. On September 11, 1948, he died near Karachi, Pakistan.

Britain's Impact

There are some good impact but most of them were bad. It was bad because one of India's industries was ruined, but there was improved technology.