Italia Bradley & Michael Atkiels
Essential Question: How do certain roles depend on one another?
Basics of Feudalism
Feudalism arose around the 9th and 10th century in English lands. This was based from the belief that the system of empire may never be the same as in roman times. But before feudalism the kingdoms used what ever worked and some effects were very crippling. This system made people of the kingdoms adapt to a moneyless economy and inadequate transportation. This led to communication difficulties, which then caused an ineffective central government. Many armies also threatened the kingdoms, some invaders were the Vikings and Magayars.
Feudalism easily spread because it was the only full system around, but it was not well organized. The system of feudalism was not like our present system of democracy. The reason it was so unorganized was because there was no one to enforce the system. The system of feudalism helped grant land to knights and let nobility or bishops control the land and its people. This was a way to keep people in each segment of the pyramid.
This system was very unlikely to let any peasants rise up the ranks to nobility because most peasants never left their farms or villages. The peasant group of the pyramid in the feudal system was the group that opposed the feudal system the most out of all four groups. Most wealthy leaders like nobility used their peasant's land and crops as a source of valuable income for themselves and the king. The peasants therefor had to play their role in society as the other groups like knights and nobility had to play their roles for society and the king.
The feudal system required the nobility to lend military service to the king. This in return made most peasants feel safer in their every day lives and made them able to carry on with work. The knights of course provided military service to the kingdom for the nobility and the king. It was rare for a knight to become a peasant. In some rare cases this did happen with knights that were given land by the king because they chose to become farmers. The nobility had a very simple job of just making sure everything went well In their respected land given to them by the king. This job often led to a great deal of hate towards the nobility but never toward the king. The reason most groups never disrespected the king was because if you did disrespect the king you may end up dead.
The feudal system also required that the lord could not grant anyone land before he was made a vassal. This was done in a formal ceremony that was called a commendation ceremony. The parts included in this ceremony were homage and the oath of fealty. This meant that the lord has a contract with the vassal stating that he would fight for his lord. In this contract the lord would agree to protect the vassal from external forces. The oath of fealty is a reinforcement of there commitment of homage. The end of the ceremony meant that the king and vassal had a feudal obligation to each other.
Improvements from Feudalism
The improvements seen from feudalism were having a present state of power without being and moving to multiple places to see your followers. Kings of the feudal system usually had nobles control parts of their kingdoms. But these nobles Also spread the beliefs of the king to the peseants that would most likely never see the king. this lead to a strong system that made the kings power present everywhere in his kingdom.
Critical Thinking Question: Evaluate the effect of feudalism on a kings presence in his/her kingdom.
Feudal Pyramid of Power. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
Feudal Society. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Feudalism". HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2014. Web.
Feudalism System. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.