Rome, the eternal city, is literally eternal. It has endured for over 2,700 years, with an ambiance like no other. Embedded in centuries of history and culture, it is Italy's capital and largest city, offering far too much to see in one visit. In this city a phenomenal concentration of history, legend, and monuments allow you to travel back to the time of the Roman empire.
The Domus Aurea, or the golden house, was constructed during the time of emperor Nero's reign. It is located between the Esquiline and Palatine hills. After the great fire of 64 AD, Nero built the Domus Aurea a top the demolished land.
The building was once nearly entirely decorated with gold, full of hundreds of statues, waterfalls and fountains. Covering over 200 acres of land, the Domus Aurea was used as a place of entertainment for Nero's personal pleasure. The structure was built as a second home for emperor Nero where he was though to have thrown exquisite parties.
Fragments of the Domus Aurea are still standing today (the western wing shown above). The architecture and purpose of the building has had an influence on the concept of wealthy people creating large personal rooms for entertainment in their homes.
The Pantheon started being built in the time of Trajan's reign in 118 BC but it got finished in Hadrian's reign. It is located on the exact site of two earlier Pantheon buildings which got destroyed. The Pantheon is dedicated Marcus Agrippa because he is he one that added on the porch.
There were 8 massive granite Corinthian columns in front, two groups of four behind. The Pantheon was mostly made of concrete, granite and volcanic rock. There are sixteen columns on the way into the Pantheon. On the inside it has bronze doors and a bronze lattice filling the rest of the space. It also had all the appearance of the original paneling of marble.
People first started meeting in 500 BC. It was located in the Center of Ancient Rome; between the Palatine, the Capitol,m and Esquiline hills. The Forum was full of many architectural buildings, monuments, and statues. These forms include the Arch of Titus and the Temple of Vesta.
arch of titus
The Arch of Titus was erected by Titus sometime after AD 81 to commemorate the capture of Jerusalem by Titus in AD 70. On each side of the fornix, or arch, are engaged fluted columns, the capitals which are the earliest example of the Composite style. The arch of Titus was used as an entrance way, but mostly as propaganda for Emporer Titus. The Arch de Triumph, Paris, France is a building today that was based of the Arch of Titus.
Temple of vesta
The Temple of Vesta was thought to have been built by Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome and the founder of the cult of Vesta. The Temple of Vesta was built to guard the holy fire. Temple of Vesta was a circular Corinthian temple built on a circular foundation. It was renovated a couple times, the last time in 191 by Septimius Severus after a fire. The Temple of Vesta was used for people to go to and worship the fire in the family circle.