Major Physio-graphic Features of Ancient Egypt
The Nubian Desert
The Nubian Desert is large, prohibiting large armies from invading the Egyptian Civilizations and had mines where the Egyptians could mine for gold and other goods.
The Nile River
The Nile is the longest river in the world, flowing 4,132 miles and is the only river in the world that flows south to north. The Nile was the main water source to the Egyptians. It provided them with water and the annual flooding also provided them with silt. The floods made the soil around it rich and fertile - excellent for farming and growing crops. The land around the Nile was called the Black Lands because of the fertile soil. The Nile was also sometimes considered a god because of it's importance to the Egyptians and they worshiped it. The Nile also provided the land with irrigation systems, fishing, and transportation.
The Nile Delta
The Nile Delta is one of the largest deltas in the entire world. It's ninety-nine miles in length and covers one-hundred and fifty miles of coastline. It provided the Ancient Egyptians with fertile farmland, a source of hunting, fishing, clay, and trading markets. It played a large role in their religion, culture, and day-to-day sustenance.
The Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea isolated the Ancient Egyptians which helped them develop their culture. The Mediterranean was a major trade route to ship goods to foreign ports.
The Red Sea
The Red Sea provided Ancient Egypt with a transportation route to transport grains, spices, cattle, people, and artisan goods. The Red Sea, since it was a saltwater sea, also gave the Egyptians fish year round. Without access to the Red Sea, Egypt would've been isolated from all other cultures.