Social Studies Common Exam Review
Democracy- government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
DIrect- (also known as puredemocracy) is a form of democracy in which people decide (e.g. vote on, form consensus on) policy initiatives directly.
Representative- Representative government is a system of government with a law-making body that is at least partly elected by the people. It is a principle in governments following the English model that only an elected assembly could make laws (legislate) and institute taxes.
Autocracy- An autocracy is a system of government in which a supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of coup d'état or mass insurrection).
Monarchy- A system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen. The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited. The ruler, or monarch, is often only the head of state, not the head of government.
Dictatorship- Dictatorship is a form of government where political authority is monopolized by a single person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity's power remains strong.
Example: Nazi Germany
Theocracy- Theocracy is a form of government in which clergy have sovereignty over a territory and official policy is either governed by officials regarded as divinely guided, or is pursuant to the doctrine of a particular religion or religious group.
example: Saudi Arabia
Oligarchy- A country that has this form of government is an oligarchy too. The political term, oligarchy, comes to English from the Greek with itsmeaning intact - a form of government run by a small number of people such as wealthy landowners, royalty or powerful military figures.
Example: Soviet Union
Anarchy- political and social disorder due to the absence of governmental control: The death of the king was followed by a year of anarchy. Synonyms: lawlessness, disruption, turmoil. 3. anarchism
Example: Utopia, Ohio
Communism- An economic and social system envisioned by the nineteenth-century German scholar Karl Marx. In theory, undercommunism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than by individuals (see Marxism and Marxism-Leninism).